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To,

The State Transport Department,

Respected Sir,

With respect, I beg to say that I am a student studying in XII standard in XYZ school. My house is located very far from my school's location and my father is a low paid employee in a private firm. So it is very difficult for us to afford my traveling cost on such a small salary.

I, therefore, request you kindly provide me free bus pass to help me in carrying on my studies. I shall be highly obliged to you for this. 

Thanking you,
Yours Sincerely,
your name
your address

Dated: October 20, 2020

Enclosures:
1. Copy of National Identity card
2. Copy of Address proof
3. Copy of School Identity card

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12. Letter to your friend describing the annual function held in your college 
13. Letter to your friend about your favourite game/sport 
14. Letter of sympathy and offer of help in a case of illness to your friend 
15. Letter to your friend asking him to spend his summer vacation with you
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EnglishHindi
Please forgiveकृपया क्षमा कीजिए
Krpaya Shama Keejiye
Forgive meमाफ कीजिए
Maaph keejie
Sorryमाफ़ करना
Maaf karna
I am sorryमुझे क्षमा करें
Mujhe shama karen
I'm sorryमुझे अफसोस है
Mujhe aphsos hai
Thank youधन्यवाद
Dhanyavaad
Thanks for your helpआपकी मदद के लिए धन्यवाद
Aapki madad ke liye dhanyavaad
Thanks a lotबहुत बहुत धन्यवाद
Bahut bahut dhanyavaad
Pardon meमुझे माफ़ कर दो
Mujhe maaf kar do
You're welcomeआपका स्वागत है
Aapka svaagat hai
Thank you very muchबहुत शुक्रिया
Bahut shukriya
Many thanksबहुत धन्यवाद
Bahut dhanyavaad
You are very kindआप बहुत दयालु हैं
Aap bahut dayaalu hain
You are kindआप दयालु हैं
Aap dayaalu hain
No worriesचिंता की कोई बात नहीं
Chinta ki koi baat nahi
Sorry to hear thatअफ़सोस हुआ सुनकर
Afasos hua sunakar
Sorry to hear all thisअफ़सोस हुआ ये सब सुनकर
Afasos hua ye sab sunkar

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EnglishHindi
All the bestशुभकामनाएं
Shubhakaamanaen
Be Luckyभाग्यशाली हो
Bhaagyashaalee ho
Best wishes from familyपरिवार की ओर से शुभकामनाएं
Parivaar kee or se shubhakaamanaen
Best wishes to youआपको शुभकामनायें
Aapako shubhakaamanaayen
Best wishes on your birthdayआपके जन्मदिन पर शुभकामनाएं
Aapake janmadin par shubhakaamanaen
Bless youतुम्हें आशीर्वाद देते हैं
Tumhen aasheervaad dete hain
Cheers Upखुश हो जाओ
Khush ho jao
Congratulationsबधाई हो
Badhaee ho
Enjoy the mealभोजन का आनंद लें
Bhojan ka aanand len
Good luck to youआप सौभाग्यशाली हों
Aap saubhaagyashaalee hon
Have funमज़े करो
Maze karo
Have a nice vacationआपकी छुट्टियां अच्छी गुजरें
Aapakee chhuttiyaan achchhee gujaren
Happy Navratriनवरात्रि की शुभकामनाएं
Navaraatri kee shubhakaamanaen
Happy Eidईद मुबारक
Eed mubaarak
Happy Easter Dayईस्टर का दिन मुबारक हो
Eestar ka din mubaarak ho
Happy New Yearनववर्ष की शुभकामना
Navavarsh kee shubhakaamana
Happy Diwaliशुभ दीवाली
Shubh deevaalee
Happy Dussehraदशहरा की शुभकामनाएं
Dashahara kee shubhakaamanaen
Have a good tripआपकी यात्रा शुभ हो
Aapakee yaatra shubh ho
Merry Christmasक्रिसमस की बधाई
Krisamas kee badhaee
Lots of loveबहुत सारा प्यार
Bahut saara pyaar
Take careख्याल रखना
Khyaal rakhana
Well doneबहुत बढ़िया
Bahut badhiya
Welcomeस्वागत हे
Svaagat he
With sympathyसहानुभूति के साथ
Sahaanubhooti ke saath

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EnglishHindi
Greetingनमस्ते/नमस्कार Namaste/Namaskar
Good Morningशुभ प्रभात Shubh Prabhaat
Good Afternoonशुभ दोपहर Shubh Dopahar
Good Dayशुभ दिन Shubh Din
Good Eveningसुसंध्या/शुभ संध्या Susandhya/Shubh Sandhya
Good Nightशुभ रात्रि Shubh Raatri
Helloहलो/हेलो Halo/Helo
Hiहाय Haay
Oh, dude/Hey, dudeअरे यार A-ray Yaar
It’s nice to meet youआपसे मिलकर अच्छा लगा Aapse Mil-kar Achchha Laga
It’s a pleasure to meet youआपसे मिलकर खुशी हुई
Aapse Mil-kar Khushe Hue
Goodbyeअलविदा Alvida
It’s good to see youआपको देख कर अच्छा लगा
Aapko Dekh Kar Achchha Laga
See you soonजल्दी मिलेंगे Jaldee Milenge
See you laterबाद में मिलेंगे Baad Mein Milenge
See you againफिर मिलेंगे Phir Milenge

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Topic: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Objective/Aim: Students will be able to use the present perfect continuous in written and spoken language. 

Tools: textbook, chalk, green board, smart class, blackboard

Teaching Method:
Activity 1: Warm-Up
Ask some questions to check students' previous knowledge about the topic. 

Activity 2:
Explain students by giving ample examples of present perfect continuous tense by continued or ongoing action that started in past and is continued until now.
Ask them the below questions.
(a) How long have they been enjoying a recess in the class?
(b) How long have they been reading in the class?
(c) How long have they been in the school library today?
(d) How long have they been playing in the school ground?
Students will reply above questions in time reference such as "for three hours", "since morning", "since afternoon" etc.

Activity 3: Give students a passage that contains instances of the present perfect continuous tense. Ask them to find it out and let them compare their findings with their classmates.

Ending:
  • Divide the class into four groups. Ask each group to imagine that they are on a school trip with their school friends.
  • Ask them to write the imagined situation sentences in the present perfect continuous tense.
  • The group with the maximum number of examples will win.
Evaluation/Review: Write some incomplete present perfect continuous tense sentences on the board and ask the students to complete those sentences with the whole class orally.

Assignment/Worksheet: Present Perfect Continuous Tense worksheet

Recommended:
  1. Present Perfect Continuous Tense in Hindi
  2. Present Perfect Continuous Tense in English
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Fill in the blanks to complete present perfect continuous tense sentences.

  1. She .......... singing a sweet song .......... ten minutes. (has been/have been) (since/for)
  2. The girls ................. sleeping ........ five hours. (has been/have been) (since/for)
  3. They ......... building the house ...... several months. (has been/have been) (since/for)
  4. My sister ........... staying here ..........afternoon. (has been/have been) (since/for)
  5. We .......... living here ...... three years. (has been/have been) (since/for)
  6. I .......... watering the garden ............ morning. (has been/have been) (since/for)
  7. I ....... reading the book .......... four o'clock. (has been/have been) (since/for)
  8. She ............. meeting their parents ......... 1989. (has been/have been) (since/for)
  9. .......... the teacher ........... teaching .......... six months? (has been/have been) (since/for)
  10. ...........you......... helping me ......... January? (has been/have been) (since/for)
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Topic: Present Perfect Tense

Objective/Aim: Students will be able to recognize present perfect tense and able to use them. 

Tools: textbook, chalk, green board, smart class, blackboard

Teaching Method:
Activity 1: Warm-Up
Ask some questions to check students' previous knowledge about the topic. 

Activity 2:
Explain students by giving ample examples of present perfect tense by things that started in the past and continue into the present. 
Examples:
(a) I have not seen your house. 
(b) All students have listened to the lecture.
(c) She has sung the song. 
(d) He has gone to school.

Activity 3: Give students a passage that contains instances of the present perfect tense. Ask them to find it out and let them compare their findings with their classmates.

Ending:
  • Divide the class into four groups. Ask each group to imagine that they are on a summer holiday trip with their family members.
  • Ask them to write the imagined situation sentences in the present perfect tense.
  • The group with the maximum number of examples will win.
Evaluation/Review: Write some incomplete present perfect tense sentences on the board and ask the students to complete those sentences with the whole class orally.

Assignment/Worksheet: Present Perfect Tense worksheet

Recommended:
  1. Present Perfect Tense in Hindi
  2. Present Perfect Tense in English
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 Fill in the blanks to complete present perfect tense sentences.

  1. He .......... sung a sweet song. (has/have)
  2. The girls ................. played volleyball. (has/have)
  3. They ......... gone to the market. (has/have)
  4. My sister ........... arrived. (has/have)
  5. We ..........thought of going to Nainital. (has/have)
  6. It .......... gotten worse. (has/have)
  7. I ....... read the book. (has/have)
  8. She ............. met the client. (has/have)
  9. My children ........... played outside. (has/have)
  10. ...........you read my messages? (has/have)
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 Topic: Past Continuous Tense

Aim: Students will be able to recognize past continuous verbs and able to use them in the sentences.

Tools: textbook, chalk, green board, smart class, blackboard

Teaching Method:
Activity 1: Warm-Up
Ask some questions to check students' previous knowledge about the topic. 

Activity 2:
Explain students by giving ample examples of past continuous tense by whatever you were doing during the lecture in the class.
Examples:
(a) I was teaching. 
(b) All students were listening to the lecture.
(c) I was holding chalk. 
(d) I was reading a book.

Activity 3: Give students some words and ask them to describe that particular word using past continuous tense.
Example: office work - My father was working in his office.

Ending:
  • Divide the class into four groups. Ask each group to imagine that they are on some school trip. 
  • Ask them to write the imagined situation sentences in the past continuous tense.  
  • The group with the maximum number of examples will win.
Review: Write some incomplete sentences on the board and ask the students to complete those sentences using the past continuous tense.

Worksheet: Past Continuous Tense worksheet

Recommended:
  1. Past Continuous Tense in Hindi
  2. Past Continuous Tense in English
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Fill in the blanks to complete past continuous tense sentences.

  1. He .......... singing a sweet song. (was/were)
  2. The girls ................. playing football. (was/were)
  3. They ......... going to the cinema tonight. (was/were)
  4. My uncle ........... arriving tomorrow. (was/were)
  5. We ..........thinking of going to Mussoorie. (was/were)
  6. It .......... getting darker. (was/were)
  7. I ....... reading the book. (was/were)
  8. She ............. meeting us tonight. (was/were)
  9. My children ........... playing outside. (was/were)
  10. You ............ gambling in the nearest casino. (was/were)