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English NameHindi Name
Bengal gram (Split)चना दाल Chana Dal
Black gram, Black lentils (whole)साबूत उड़द दाल Sabut Urad Dal, काली दाल Kaali Dal, माँ की दाल Maa Ki Dal
Black gram (Split)उड़द दाल Urad Dal
Black-eyed beans, Cowpeaलोबिया Lobhia
Brown Chickpeasकाला चना Kala Chana
Garbanzo beans, Bengal gram, White Chickpeasकाबुली चना Kabuli Chana, छोला Chhola
Green Chickpeasछोलिया Cholia, हरा चना Hara Chana
Green gram, Mung bean (Split)मूंग दाल Moong Dal
Green gram, Mung bean (whole)साबूत मूंग दाल Sabut Moong Dal
Red Kidney beansराजमा Rajma
Red lentils (Split)मसूर दाल Masoor Dal
Turkish gram, Moth bean, Dew gramमोठ दाल Moth Dal
Yellow Pigeon pea (Split)अरहर दाल Arhar Dal, तूर दाल Toor Dal


English NameHindi Name
Acacia Treeबबूल का पेड़
Agar Treeअगर का पेड़
Alder Treeपितृपादप
Alstonia Treeसप्तपर्णी का पेड़
Apple Treeसेब का पेड़
Arborvitae Treeमोरपंखी (Morpankhi) या मयूरपंखी (Mayurpankhi) का पेड़
Arjuna Treeअर्जुन का पेड़
Ashoka Treeअशोक का पेड़
Bael Fruit Treeबेल का पेड़
Bamboo Treeबांस का पेड़
Banana Treeकेले का पेड़
Banyan Treeबरगद या वट का पेड़
Bead Treeरुद्राक्ष का पेड़
Beleric Myrobalan Treeबहेड़ा का पेड़
Betel Nut Treeसुपारी का पेड़
Bilimbi or Cucumber Treeखीरा या ककड़ी का पेड़
Birch Treeसनौबर या भोजपत्र का पेड़
Blue Jacaranda Treeनीले गुलमोहर का पेड़
Bullet Wood Treeमौलसिरी या बकूल का पेड़
Burans Treeबुरांस या बुरुंश का पेड़
Burflower Treeकदंब का पेड़
Cactusनागफनी
Camphor Treeकपूर का पेड़ 
Cannonball Treeशिव कमल (Shiv Kamal) या कैलाशपति (Kailaspati) का पेड़
Cedar, Fir Treeदेवदार का पेड़
Chinar Treeचिनार का पेड़
Coconut Palm Treeनारियल का पेड़
Copperpod Treeपीले गुलमोहर का पेड़
Coralwood Treeलाल चंदन का पेड़
Cypress Treeसरू (Saroo) का पेड़
Date palm Treeखजूर (Khajoor) का पेड़
Desert Teak Treeरोहेड़ा (Roheda) का पेड़
Drumstick Treeसैजन फली का पेड़
Ebony Treeआबनूस का पेड़
Emblica or Malacca Treeआँवले का पेड़
Eucalyptus Treeनीलगिरी (Neelagiree) का पेड़
Guava Treeअमरुद का पेड़
Gum Treeगोंद का पेड़
Haritaki Treeहरड का पेड़
Indian Coral Treeपंगार (Pangara) का पेड़
Indian Cork or Jasmine Treeआकाशनीम या नीम-चमेली का पेड़
Indian mahogany or Red cedar or Surianतून Toon
Indian tulip tree or Portia Treeपारस पीपल (Paras pipal) का पेड़
Ironwood Treeनागकेसर
Jackfruit Treeकटहल का पेड़
Java Plum or black plum Treeजामुन (Jamun) का पेड़ 
Jujube Treeबेर (Ber) का पेड़ 
Khejri Tree or Shami Treeजंड (Jand) या खेजड़ी (Khejri) या शमी (Shami) का पेड़
Mango Treeआम का पेड़
Neem Treeनीम का पेड़
Oak Treeबलूत का पेड़
Olive Treeजैतून का पेड़
Palmyra palm Treeताड़ी का पेड़
Papaya Treeपपीता का पेड़
Pine Treeचीड़
Plum Treeआलूबुख़ारे (Aalubukhare) का पेड़
Royal poinciana or Flamboyant Treeगुलमोहर का पेड़
Sacred fig Treeपीपल का पेड़
Sal Treeसाल का पेड़
Sandalwood Treeचंदन का पेड़
Semal Treeसेमल का पेड़
Sheesham Treeशीशम का पेड़
Spruce Treeफर का पेड़
Tamarind Treeइमली का पेड़
Teak Treeसागौन, सागवान का पेड़
Temple Treeचमेली का पेड़
Toothbrush Treeमेस्वाक (Miswak) का पेड़

"Any man who stands for progress has to criticize, disbelieve and challenge every item of the old faith."

"Bombs and pistols do not make a revolution. The sword of revolution is sharpened on the whetting-stone of ideas."

"Every tiny molecule of Ash is in motion with my heat. I am such a Lunatic that I am free even in Jail."

"I emphasize that I am full of ambition and hope and of full charm of life. But I can renounce all at the time of need, and that is the real sacrifice. These things can never be hinderance in the way of man, provided he be a man. You will have the practical proof in the near future."

"If the deaf are to hear, the sound has to be very loud. When we dropped the bomb, it was not our intention to kill anybody. We have bombed the British Government. The British must quit India and make her free."

"It is here that soul-force has to be combined with physical force so as not to remain at the mercy of tyrannical and ruthless enemy. Lovers, Lunatics and poets are made of same stuff."



"Non-violence is backed by the theory of soul-force in which suffering is courted in the hope of ultimately winning over the opponent."

"One should not interpret the word “Revolution” in its literal sense. Various meanings and significances are attributed to this word, according to the interests of those who use or misuse it."

"Revolution did not necessarily involve sanguinary strife. It was not a cult of bomb and pistol. They may sometimes be mere means for its achievement."

"The elimination of force at all costs is Utopian and the new movement which has arisen in the country and of whose dawn we have given a warning is inspired by the ideals which Guru Gobind Singh and Shivaji, Kamal Pasha and Reza Khan, Washington and Garibaldi, Lafayette and Lenin preached."

"The people generally get accustomed to the established order of things and begin to tremble at the very idea of a change. It is this lethargical spirit that needs be replaced by the revolutionary spirit."

"Zindagi toh apne damm par hi jiyi jaati hai...Dusro ke kandhe par toh sirf janaaje uthaaye jaate hai."

Also Read Quotations / Quotes by famous personalities
"Do not be disheartened by our temporary defeat; be cheerful and optimistic. Above all, never lose your faith in the destiny of India. There is no power on earth which can keep India in bondage. India will be free and, that too, soon. JAl-HIND !"

Freedom is not given - it is taken."

"Gird up your loins for the task that now lies ahead. I had asked you for men, money and materials. I have got them in generous measure. Now I demand more of you. Men, money and materials cannot by themselves bring victory or freedom. We must have the motive-power that will inspire us to brave deeds and heroic exploits."

"In the course of this war, you will have to acquire the experience and achieve the success which alone can build up a national tradition for our Army. An army that has no tradition of courage, fearlessness and invincibility cannot hold its own in a struggle with a powerful enemy."

"India is calling. Blood is calling to blood. Get up, we have no time to lose. Take up your arms! we shall carve our way through the enemy's ranks, or if God wills, we shall die a martyr's death. And in our last sleep, we shall kiss the road that will bring our Army to Delhi. The road to Delhi is the road to Freedom. Chalo Delhi (March to Delhi)."

"It is blood alone that can pay the price of freedom. Give me blood and I will give you freedom!"

"It is our duty to pay for our liberty with our own blood. The freedom that we shall win through our sacrifice and exertions, we shall be able to preserve with our own strength."

"No real change in history has ever been achieved by discussions."



"One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives."

"Reality is, after all, too big for our frail understanding to fully comprehend. Nevertheless, we have to build our life on the theory which contains the maximum truth. We cannot sit still because we cannot, or do not, know the Absolute Truth."

"We should have but one desire today- the desire to die so that India may live- the desire to face a martyr's death, so that the path to freedom may be paved with the martyr's blood."

"When we stand, the Azad Hind Fauz has to be like a wall of granite; when we march, the Azad Hind Fauz has to be like a steamroller."

Also Read Quotations / Quotes by famous personalities
"A man who views the world the same at fifty as he did at twenty has wasted thirty years of his life."

"Age is whatever you think it is. You are as old as you think you are."

"Ain't no reason for me to kill nobody in the ring, unless they deserve it."

"Allah is the Greatest. I'm just the greatest boxer."

"Don't count the days, make the days count."

"Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee."

"Friendship is a priceless gift that cannot be bought nor sold, but its value is far greater than a mountain made of gold; for gold is cold & lifeless - it can neither see nor hear, in time of trouble its powerless to cheer — it has no ears to listen, no heart to understand, it cannot bring you comfort or reach out a helping hand. So when you ask God for a gift, be thankful if sends not diamonds, pearls or riches but the love of real true friends."

"He who is not courageous enough to take risks will accomplish nothing in life."

"I am the greatest, I said that even before I knew I was."

"I hated every minute of training, but I said, "Don't quit. Suffer now and live the rest of your life as a champion."

"I never thought of losing, but now that it's happened, the only thing is to do it right. That's my obligation to all the people who believe in me. "We all have to take defeats in life."

"I'm not the greatest; I'm the double greatest. Not only do I knock 'em out, I pick the round."

"I'm retiring because there are more pleasant things to do than beat up people."

"It's a lack of faith that makes people afraid of meeting challenges, and I believe in myself."


"It's just a job. Grass grows, birds fly, waves pound the sand. I beat people up."

"It's not bragging if you can back it up."

"Service to others is the rent you pay for your room here on earth."

"The fight is won or lost far away from witnesses - behind the lines, in the gym, and out there on the road, long before I dance under those lights."

Also Read Quotations / Quotes by famous personalities
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"A computer would deserve to be called intelligent if it could deceive a human into believing that it was human."

"A man provided with paper, pencil, and rubber, and subject to strict discipline, is in effect a universal machine."

"A very large part of space-time must be investigated, if reliable results are to be obtained."

"I am not very impressed with theological arguments whatever they may be used to support. Such arguments have often been found unsatisfactory in the past."

"I believe that at the end of the century the use of words and general educated opinion will have altered so much that one will be able to speak of machines thinking without expecting to be contradicted."

"Machines take me by surprise with great frequency."

"Mathematical reasoning may be regarded rather schematically as the exercise of a combination of two facilities, which we may call intuition and ingenuity."

"May not machines carry out something which ought to be described as thinking but which is very different from what a man does?"

"No, I'm not interested in developing a powerful brain. All I'm after is just a mediocre brain, something like the President of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company."


"Science is a differential equation. Religion is a boundary condition."

"Sometimes it is the people no one imagines anything of who do the things that no one can imagine."

"The idea behind digital computers may be explained by saying that these machines are intended to carry out any operations which could be done by a human computer."

"Those who can imagine anything, can create the impossible."

"We are not interested in the fact that the brain has the consistency of cold porridge."

"We can only see a short distance ahead, but we can see plenty there that needs to be done."

Also Read Quotations / Quotes by famous personalities
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1. All ready (सब तैयार) : We are all ready to join the army.
Already (पहले से) : I have already completed this task.

2. Alternate (बारी-बारी से) : Father and son open shop on alternate days.
Alternative (विकल्प) : There is no alternative but to go to door to door and sell your product.

3. Artistic (कलात्मक, सुन्दर) : My brother wrote a computer program which produces artistic designs.
Artificial (बनावटी, कृत्रिम) : Her smile was artificial.
Artful (चालाक, धूर्त) : My friend has made a fortune through artful schemes.

4. Amiable (सौम्य, सुशील) : I like her amiable nature.
Amicable (मैत्रीपूर्ण, दोस्ताना) : We should settle our differences in an amicable way.

5. Beside (के बगल में) : She stood beside the table.
Besides (के अतिरिक्त) : Besides giving me consolation, he helped me with the money.

6. Casual (आकस्मिक, इत्तिफ़ाक़) : She has applied for casual leaves.
Causal (कारण सम्बन्धी) : There is a causal relationship between both of them.

7. Cite (उदाहरण देना, तलब करना) : Lord Buddha who is highly regarded by their peers tend to be cited.
Site (जगह, स्थान) : I am buying a new site for my new house.
Sight (द्रष्टि, नज़र) : He lost his sight as a baby.

8. Considerable (महत्वपूर्ण) : I have spent a considerable amount of money on my girlfriend.
Considerate (विचारशील) : The new mayor is a considerate man.

9. Credible (विश्वसनीय) : His story was not credible.
Credulous (भोला, आसानी से विश्वास करने वाला) : She is so credulous that anyone can make fool of her.

10. Childish (बचकाना) : Although she is grown up, her habits are childish.
Child-like (बच्चे की तरह) : Her child-like nature loved by everyone.

11. Careless (लापरवाह) : I am totally fed up because of his careless driving.
Carefree (मस्त) : There are few people who are living carefree life today.

12. Classic (प्राचीनकाल-संबंधी) : Queen Padmavati is a classic example of exceptional beauty along with a strong sense of justice.
Classical (शास्त्रीय) : My mother is fond of classical dance.

13. Draught ( घूंट, प्रारूप, ढांचा) : She drinks all the milk in one draught.
Drought (सूखा) : Drought affects the cultivation of major commodities.

14. Descent (पीढ़ी, वंश, उतराई) : The Mountaineers made their descent before sunset.
Dissent (मतभेद, असहमति) : There was no dissent to the proposal by any member of the committee.


15. Dual (दोहरा) : My new mobile has a high-quality dual back camera.
Duel (द्वंद्वयुद्ध) : During Mahabharata, Duryodhana chose Bhima for duel.

16. Deference (सम्मान, आदर) : We should have deference for our elders.
Difference (अंतर) : There is a huge difference between growing older and growing up.

17. Discover (खोजना) : Newton discovered gravitational force.
Invent (आविष्कार करना) : Thomas Alva Edison invented the light bulb.

18. Deny (नकारना, denying the fact) : He denied the criminal charges against him.
Refuse (इनकार, refusing the request) : He refused to take the challenge.

19. Disinterested (निःस्वार्थ, निष्पक्ष, impartial, unbiased) : A lawyer should be under an obligation to give disinterested advice.
Uninterested (अरोचक, bored, unconcerned) : She was uninterested in family business.

20. Effective (प्रभावी) : Project manager has effective control over the team.
Efficacious (प्रभावोत्पादक) : Quitting smoking is efficacious in asthma.

21. Exhausting (थकाऊ) : My two days client meeting was exhausting.
Exhaustive (संपूर्ण) : She published an exhaustive study of earthquakes in Japan.

22. Economic (आर्थिक) : The economic condition of the farmers is very poor in India.
Economical (किफ़ायती, मितव्ययी) : She is economical in all areas of life.

23. Estimate (अनुमान लगाना) : The team members give the estimate for the assigned task.
Estimation (आदर) : A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is held in high estimation by all the people.

24. Forceful (सशक्त, प्रभावशाली) : Her personality was forceful.
Forcible (प्रबल) : The party workers made a forcible entry.

25. Graceful (सुन्दर) : She is graceful.
Gracious (दयालु) : My wife is gracious to the animals.

26. Healthful (सेहतमंद) : Morning yoga is very healthful for us.
Healthy (स्वस्थ) : Kids must eat healthy and non-junk food to stay fit.

27. Historic (इतिहास प्रसिद्ध) : Delhi is a historic place.
Historical (ऐतिहासिक) : There are so many historical buildings to visit in Delhi.

28. Honorary (अवैतनिक) : He is an honorary secretary of the association.
Honourable (माननीय) : He is an honourable member of our family.

29. Imaginary (काल्पनिक) : She told me a story about her imaginary friend.
Imaginative (कल्पनाशील) : Software engineers are imaginative.


30. Incite (उकसाना) : They incited the crowd.
Insight (सूक्ष्म दृष्टि) : Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a man of deep insight.

31. Industrious (मेहनती) : Industrious people make their country strong.
Industrial (औद्योगिक) : Kanpur is an Industrial city of India.

32. Judicial (अदालती, न्यायिक) : He was absent from the judicial inquiry.
Judicious (विवेकशील, समझदार) : Your judicious decision can make your future bright.

33. Loudly (ऊंचे स्वर से) : They complained loudly about the new English teacher. 
Aloud (सुने जाने योग्य आवाज में) : She spoke aloud so that everyone might listen to her.

34. Memorable (यादगार, स्मरण करने योग्य) : Friends share memorable moments of their school life.
Memorial (स्मारक) : A memorial was built to the memory of Swami Vivekanand.

35. Negligent (लापरवाह) : She was negligent of the work.
Negligible (नगण्य, न के बराबर) : There is a negligible risk in life insurance policy.

36. Sensible (समझदार) : She is a sensible wife.
Sensitive (संवेदनशील, भावुक) : She is a sensitive mother.

37. Tolerable (संतोषजनक) : My boss's behaviour is tolerable.
Tolerant (सहनशील) : He must be tolerant of others.

38. Temporary (अस्थायी) : He was temporarily employed with the company.
Temporal (लौकिक) : This world is full of temporal things.

39. Virtual (आभासी) : There are many virtual reality-based games are available in the market.
Virtuous (भला, भद्र) : I like her virtuous nature.

40. Willing (इच्छुक) : He is willing to buy a house.
Willful (खुदराय) : She is a willful girl.




Vocabulary

Transformation of Sentences in Hindi and English
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Question 1. Do as directed.
a) Shakespear was a famous poet. (pick out the common noun)
b) Rahul has lost his ______ of keys. ( fill the suitable collective noun)
c) My uncle has ___________ ( buy / bought) a new car yesterday .
d) Write the abstract noun for the word ‘friend’.
e) Reeta is the __________ girl in all. ( fill the suitable degree of ‘intelligent’)
f) I had _____ crayons in my box.( much/ many)
g) My friend has added some sugars.( correct the given sentence)
h) She will sing a song herself.( pick out a reflexive pronoun)
i) The boy has _________ toys in his room. (fill a suitable adjective)
j) We will go for the party tomorrow. ( write the correct tense)


Question 2. Rearrange the given words and punctuate them.
a) has become/ the backbone/ newspaper/ of society
b) all places/ we/ news/ get/ from/ daily
c) want/ people/ their beds/ it on/ in the morning


Question 3. Read the following paragraph carefully. There is an error in each sentence. 
a) A painting competition were held in our school. Eg. Incorrect: were, correct: was
b) It was held on 14th November in 9.00 a.m.
c) The topic of the competition is ‘Flowers’.
d) The competition was held on the main hall.
e) More than 50 student participated in it.
f) The children use water colours, crayons etc.
g) She made very beautiful flowers.
h) In last judges declared the results.
i) The winners were given prizes to the Principal.



Question 4. Do as directed.
a) The students were sitting quietly in the class .( change into simple present tense)
b) They have served tasty food to us.(change into simple past tense)
c) We helped the poor last night.( change into negative sentence)
d) She writes neatly. ( change into interrogative sentence)


Question 5. Rewrite the sentences using the suitable pronouns in each sentence.
a) He had forgotten to bring bag.
b) The students are doing work.

Question 6. Choose and write the suitable words given in the brackets.
The Machine Age,_____ (who/which ) is known as the Insdustrial Revolution, in a short time transformed the lives _____ (of/with) the people. People began to vie with one another in thinking new thoughts ______ (but/ and) discovering new things,which has ________ (continued/ continue) to this day. The result is ______ (what/ that) we now live in a wonderful world which science and industry together ______ (has / have )built.


Question 7. Complete the following dialogues between Amit and Radha by filling in the blanks with suitable words from the box.
Hints: Qutub Minar, on my phone, Humayun Tomb, Purana Qilla, love to come, are we going, idea, historical places

Amit: We are going to visit ___________of Delhi.Would you like to come, Radha?
Radha: This is a good___________. What is a historical place?
Amit: The __________, the _________, and the ____________ are the historical places. We might even go to the zoo.
Radha: I would__________, but I have to ask my mother first.
Amit: You are right, talk to her ________________.
Radha: How _________________, Amit?
Amit: By our car.
Radha: Good.