"If we do not voluntarily bring population growth under control in the next one or two decades, nature will do it for us in the most brutal way, whether we like it or not." - Henry W. Kendall

The most pressing problem before our country at present is the problem of the rapid population increase. China is the first in the highest population in the world. Next comes India. Every year we have a new Australia added in our population. If this problem is not solved, then we cannot live a happy, healthy and prosperous life.

The effect of overpopulation is felt everywhere. The trains are overcrowded. The land in villages is divided and further divided. The number of unemployed persons is increasing day by day. Forests are disappearing. The housing problem is growing serious day by day. Overpopulation increases the persons below the poverty line and with inadequate knowledge of population explosion they contribute more in the birth rate.

There are many causes of this problem. India is a hot country. So naturally, we have a high birth rate. Due to better medical facilities death rate has fallen. Our social customs are also responsible to make this problem serious. A childless person or an unmarried man is not respected anywhere. In villages, marriages are arranged at an early age and a widower with children marries again. The illiteracy of women is also a big cause of population growth. Illiterate women don't have knowledge about birth control methods.

There is an urgent need to check population growth. For this family planning is the only remedy, Family planning or welfare means keeping under control the number of children in the family. Planned family is the need of an hour. We should keep this in mind that the less the children, the better they will be looked after and better and happier will their life be.

There are different ways by which we can control the population explosion. The government should implement family planning and birth control campaigns. The minimum age of marriage should be raised. Education for women should be supportive and free. More doors should be open to women's employment. Some married couples do not have any child even after costly fertility treatment. So they can adopt orphan children. A person should not be socially pressurized for marriage and child.

Our government has taken some steps to control this serious issue but that is not enough to prevent this problem. If the government and people make an effort then this problem can be resolved. In John D. Rockefeller's words, "The population problem must be recognized by the government as a principal element in long-range planning."

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