2018
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Gayatri Nagar, Borabanda,
Hyderabad
November 15, 2018


My dear father,

I have just received your letter regarding my progress in the class. I could not write to you earlier as I was busy in the Half-yearly examination. Now you will be glad to know that my performance in the Half-yearly examination has been quite satisfactory. Your son has got 4th position in the class. My performance in Science is not encouraging. I assure you that I shall work hard in the subject and the next report in the subject will be note-worthy.

I take an active part in the extra-curricular activities of the school such as cultural programmes, games and sports. I always  keep in mind your inspiring words that "All work no play makes Jack a dull boy."

With best regards for dear mother and love to Reena,

Your loving son,
Ronit

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16, Chander Nagar,
Lucknow
16th July 2018

Dear Mohit,

This morning I received your letter and I shocked to find that you have failed in the examination. It is really very painful news to me as you were sure of your success. It becomes more painful when your future career depended upon this result. My sympathies are with you in your hour of sadness.

You should keep in mind that labour never goes to waste. Failures are the pillars of success. I hope you will not lose heart. Start working hard again and you will pass next year with good grades.

With deep sympathy,

Yours sincerely,
Akash

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NAL Colony, Kodihalli,
Bengaluru, Karnataka
October 31, 2018

My Dear Ravi,

I am glad to receive your letter after a long time. You wanted to know about the fair that I attended.

The previous month, I along my three friends went to see a fair which was held around three kilometers away from my home. We reached the fair in the morning. We saw a temporary market in the middle of the open space. There were all kinds of shops arranged in rows. The people from the neighboring towns and cities were pouring in there to buy their needs. The people seemed very happy. They were in their best dresses. The number of women was greater than that of men. The children were buying sweets and toys. We enjoyed the tricks of jugglers and rode on merry go round. 

In the evening we returned home. We brought many toys for our younger sisters and brothers. I request you to come next time and enjoy this fair with us.

With best wishes and kind regards,

Your affectionate friend,
Arjun 

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Khureji Market, 
Krishna Nagar, Delhi
October 29, 2018

Dear Puneet,

I am sorry I have not been able to write to you earlier. I met your mother yesterday. She told me that you are always busy with your books and never take part in the games.

Puneet your hard work depends upon your health. Health is wealth. Sound mind lives in a sound body. Playing games is as important as studying so don't only be a bookworm. I hope you will now be careful about your general health and take part actively in the outdoor games like cricket, football, badminton or tennis.

Games are essential. They provide us fresh air and keep us healthy. They teach something which books can never teach. I hope you will take my advice seriously and will start playing games.

Your affectionate friend,
Raman


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Block B, Rajouri Garden,
New Delhi,
October 17, 2018

My dear Arun,

I was greatly shocked to hear the sad news of the untimely death of your dear father due to heart failure. Last time when I saw him, he was quite healthy. I never thought even in the dream that he would leave the world so soon.

You have really suffered an irreparable loss in his death. I feel it also as a personal loss to myself as your father had always been very kind to me. I do not know how to express myself on such an occasion. Man is helpless before God's will. My sympathies are with you in this hour of deep sorrow. 

May God grant peace to the departed soul and solace to the bereaved family.

Yours sincerely,
Hitesh


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Civil Lines,
Lucknow,
October 11, 2018

My dear Rakesh,

I have not received any letter from you for a long time. How are you getting on at school? I have received a bad report about you from your principal. He says that you always play with bad boys at the cost of your lessons.

As an elder brother, it is my duty to warn you in time. I wish to see you as an able young man. You were sent to school to learn, not to enjoy yourself. If you waste your time now, you will repent afterward. You must work hard and always keep away from bad boys.

I hope you will act upon my advice.

Your loving brother
Gaurav

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O Block, Geeta Nagar,
Kanpur,
Jun 18, 2018

My dear Sarthak,

I saw your result in 'Patrika' Today and I am really very happy that you have passed the Intermediate Examination in the first division. Really you deserve praise for this. Kindly accept my heartiest congratulations on your brilliant success.

Your success is highly inspiring to an ordinary student like me. Please do come to Kanpur for a few days.

All your friends are eagerly waiting for your arrival.

Hoping to hear soon from you.

Yours sincerely,
Vivek

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Following is a sample letter from a son to father asking for money for the purchase of some books. You may edit it according to your ease.

Senior Boy's Hostel,
D.A.V. College,
Jalandhar, Punjab
October 2, 2018

Dear Father,

I am glad to receive your letter and to know that everything is going well at home.

I want to tell you that my studies are going on in full swing these days. You will be pleased to know that I have secured a very high percentage of marks in the half-yearly examination held in the month of September. I am quite certain of securing first division in the ensuing annual Examination.

I wish to say that I have to purchase a good dictionary and a few latest books on subjects like Physics and Mathematics. Therefore, I request you to kindly send me five thousand rupees by money order at your earliest.

Please convey my regards to mother and love to Neha and Tushar.


Your affectionate son,
Rahul

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Please read following posts before solving exercises.
1. Rules of Article: Use of 'A', 'An', 'The'
2. The Omission of the Article
3. The Repetition of the Article


Exercise - 1
Correct the following sentences by using article 'a', 'an', 'the':
  1. Moon did not appear in the sky for several days in rainy season.
  2. Only best quality goods is sold at this store.
  3. English is not easy language.
  4. Mt. Everest is highest peak in Himalayas.
  5. Dr. Radhakrishanan was great philosopher and scholar.
  6. My father became member of parliament in 2017.
  7. Always help poor and weak.
  8. University degree is no guarantee for a job.
  9. Kalidas is Shakespeare of Sanskrit literature.
  10. A honest man values honesty above everything in life.
  11. He took to the habit of smoking at early age.
  12. Milk in jug is without sugar.


Exercise - 2
Fill in each blank with a suitable article 'a', 'an' or 'the'. Put a cross in the blank if no article is required.
  1. Don't make ................. noise, Please.
  2. ............ London stands on ............. Thames.
  3. I want ............. cup of .............. coffee.
  4. She has not given ............ answer to my question.
  5. ........... more they get, .............. more they want.
  6. She was in ........... wrong place.
  7. ............ one-eyed lion was shot by ......... hunter.
  8. Is she ............ B.Tech or ........... B.Sc.?
  9. She will never speak ........... truth.
  10. ............. Ganga is ............ holy river of India. 
  11. .............. Sri Lanka is to .......... south of ........... India.
  12. ............. bird in the hand is worth two in ............ bush.
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1. Rules of Article: Use of 'A', 'An', 'The'
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Please read Mixed Sentences and Dialogues - Direct and Indirect Narration before solving below exercise.

Please change the following sentences into Indirect speech:


Exercise - 1
1. The teacher said to him, "Why are you again late today? I have taught the lesson. Sit silently."

2. "What is this strange outcry?" said Socrates, "I sent the women away mainly in order that they might not offend in this way for I have heard that a man should die in peace. Be quiet then and have patience."

3. "Curse it," exclaimed the driver, "Who could have foreseen such ill luck? But for the accident, we should have caught the train easily."

4. The traveller said, "Can you tell me the way to the nearest inn?" "Yes", replied the peasant, "Do you want in which you can spend the night?" "No", replied the traveller, "I want only a meal."

5. "Mother", replied Aladin, "Keep your cotton for another time and give me the lamp I brought home with me yesterday. I will go and sell it, and will buy both breakfast and dinner, and perhaps, supper too."


6. "What are you doing here?" said the tiger to the hare. "I am looking at my grandfather's going" replied the hare. "Where is it?" asked the tiger. The hare said, "It's there in the tree. Have a good look at it but don't beat it."

7. Mr. Mehta - When did you come from Delhi, Vivek? 
Vivek - I came last night, sir.
Mr. Mehta - I am glad you did not stay there long. Has your sister come back?
Vivek - No sir, she has not. she is not well, but I think she will come in about a week.

8. Mohit - Can I go out and play, father?
Father - Have you finished your homework?
Mohit - No, father, but I can finish it afterwards.
Father - No my boy, you must do your work first and you can play afterwards.

9. Geeta - Where are you going, Laxman? It is about 10. The classes will begin soon.
Laxman - Please do not disturb me. I have an urgent piece of work at home and I must go.

10. Principal - What are you doing?
Peon - I am ringing the bell.
Principal - Have you cleaned my desk?
Peon - Yes, sir.


Direct and Indirect Narration
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Please read Exclamatory Sentences - Direct and Indirect Narration before solving below exercises.

Please change the following sentences into Indirect speech:


Exercise - 1
  1. The madam said, "Alas! My friend is dead."
  2. The boys said, "Hurrah! We shall have a jolly holiday tomorrow."
  3. Heena said, "Alas! My house on fire."
  4. She said, "Hurrah! I have passed the examination."
  5. The mayor said to the officers, "Bravo! Well done."
  6. The old man said, "Good heavens! The hut has caught fire."
  7. The coach said to the boys, "Oh! We have won the match."
  8. The girl said, "What a fine picnic it has been !"
  9. She said, "Curse it! Who could have expected such a turn of events?"
  10. The principal said to me, "Congratulation! You have stood first in the class."



Exercise - 2
  1. The master said, "What a lazy fellow you are !"
  2. She said, "How sweetly he sings !"
  3. The girl said, "How beautiful the weather is !"
  4. Friends said, "What a fine morning it is !"
  5. "Curse it !" exclaimed the driver, "Who could have foreseen such ill luck ?"
  6. "How pretty you are !" said the fox to the crow.
  7. The teacher said to the girls, "What a shame! You have not learnt good manners."
  8. The mother said, "How cold the night is !"
  9. The players said, "Bravo! We have won the match."
  10. I said to my friend, "Alas! I am ruined."

Direct and Indirect Narration
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Please read Optative Sentences - Direct and Indirect Narration before solving below exercises.

Please change the following sentences into Indirect speech:


Exercise - 1
  1. I said to Ravi, "May you always be happy !"
  2. The beggar sad to me, "May you prosper in life !"
  3. She said, "May God bless Neha with a child !"
  4. My brother said to me, "May you succeed in the competition !"
  5. Rama said, "May you have a happy journey !"
  6. They said, "Long live our President !"
  7. She said to me, "May God help you !"
  8. My friend said, "May your enemy go to hell !"
  9. My sister said to me, "Good morning, I am happy to see you !"
  10. Rohit said, "Good night, Sohan! we'll meet again tomorrow."



Exercise - 2
  1. Suman said to me, "May God bless you with children !"
  2. He said to her, "Goodbye, my sister !"
  3. The teacher said, "May you get the first position !"
  4. The priest said, "God pardon you !"
  5. She said to me, "Ma you die !"
  6. He said to his sister, "Congratulations on your success !"
  7. She said to me, "Happy birthday !"
  8. He said, "Goodbye, my countrymen !"
  9. The hermit said to me, "May you live long !"
  10. The daughter said, "Good morning, mother !"

Direct and Indirect Narration
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Please read Imperative Sentences - Direct and Indirect Narration before solving below exercises.

Please change the following sentences into Indirect speech:

Exercise - 1
  1. The master said to his servant, "Bring me a newspaper."
  2. "Sit down and learn your lesson, boys", said the teacher.
  3. She said to me, "Please wait here till I return."
  4. The mother said to her daughter, "Get up early and go out for a walk."
  5. The teacher said to the boys, "Do not make a noise in the class."
  6. The principal said to the boys, "Do not play at this time and go to your classes."
  7. The father said to his son, "Do not drive fast, as the road is very busy."
  8. The teacher said to the boys, "Bring your book and stand near me."
  9. The saint said, "If If you want to be happy, abstain from bad habits."
  10. The old man said, "Would you pay me in cash, please?"
  11. Socrates said, "Be quiet and have patience."
  12. The policeman said, "Stand up and follow me."



Exercise - 2
  1. Radha said to me, "Let us sing together."
  2. Ram said to me, "Let me finish my work."
  3. Sita said to me, "Let us go out for a walk."
  4. She said to me, "Let us start tomorrow."
  5. The girl said, "Let me finish my homework before I go to the market."
  6. The girl said to her mother, "Let me try once more."
  7. She said to us, "Let us have some music."
  8. "Let me pick some flowers," the child said to the gardener.
  9. The head clerk said to his companions, "Let me see the documents if they are here."
  10. The educationist said, "Let us prepare our children to face the future challenges."
  11. Rahul said, "Let us wait for our friends."
  12. I said to my friend, "Let us go to some holy place."
Direct and Indirect Narration