July 2014
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Simple Past Tense sentences include happening of work in Future time. 

Affirmative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + will + 1st Form of Verb (See Examples 3 to 5)

Rule 2: I or We + shall + 1st Form of Verb(See Examples 1, 2)

Examples:
1. I shall write a letter.
2. We shall go to school tomorrow.
3. You will read a book.
4. His father will come from Delhi tomorrow.
5. These boys will play a football match on Monday.

Negative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + will not + 1st Form of Verb (See Examples 2, 3)

Rule 2: I or We + shall not + 1st Form of Verb(See Examples 1, 4)


Examples:
1. I shall not go to Aligarh tomorrow.
2. The boys will not sleep during the day.
3. You will not read the book.
4. We shall not play a hockey match tomorrow.

Interrogative Sentences
Rule 1:  Shall/Will + Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + 1st Form of Verb 
(See Examples 1, 2)

Rule 2: when/why/what/where + shall/will + Subject + 1st Form of Verb(See Example 6)

Rule 3: how much/how many/whose/which also used with their related nouns. (See Examples 4, 5 and 8)

Rule 4:  If any interrogative word works like a subject then write it first then carry on with shall/will + 1st form of the verb(See Example 7)

Rule 5: Interrogative negative sentences are just like Interrogative affirmative sentences with only use of not after the subject.
Shall/Will + subject + not + 1st form of verb
(See example 3)

Rule 6: Must put Question Mark (?) at the end of a sentence.


Examples:
1. Will he give you some pens?
2. Will they eat mangoes?
3. Will your brother not come tomorrow?
4. Which song will Maria sing?
5. How many books will he buy?
6. Where shall we go tomorrow?
7. Who will beat your son?
8. Whose table will he break?

Tenses - English to English Translation
Simple Tense

 Continuous Tense

Perfect Tense


Tenses - Hindi to English Translation
Simple Tense
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Simple Past Tense sentences include happening of work in past time. 

Affirmative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + 2nd Form of Verb
(See Example 1 to 6)

Rule 2: Different number of the subject cannot change verb.

Examples:
1. He gave me a pen yesterday.
2. I lived in this house.
3. Joe went to New York to see his father yesterday.
4. We learnt our lesson.
5. She wrote a letter to her father.
6. The carpenter made a chair.

Negative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + did not + 1st Form of Verb 
(See Example 1,2,4 and 5)

Rule 2: while working with 'never', we have to put never before '2nd form of the verb' and there is no use of 'did not' in the sentence. (See Example 3)


Examples:
1. I did not learn my lesson.
2. They did not play hockey.
3. I never came late.
4. Anna did not sing a sweet song.
5. You did not go to school.

Interrogative Sentences
Rule 1:  Did + Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + 1st Form of Verb 
(See Example 1, 2 and 3)

Rule 2: when/why/what/where + did + Subject + 1st Form of Verb(See Example 7 and 8)

Rule 3: 'how much' or 'how many' or 'whose' also used with their related nouns. (See Example 6, 9 and 10)

Rule 4:  If any interrogative word works like a subject then we have to write it first then carry on with a 2nd form of the verb without using 'did'. (See Example 11)

Rule 5: Interrogative negative sentences are just like Interrogative sentences.
Why + did + subject + not + object
(See example 3, 4, 5)

Rule 6: Must put Question Mark (?) at the end of a sentence.


Examples:
1. Did he read a book?
2. Did I give you a pen?
3. Did your mother not love you?
4. Did she not come here?
5. Why did you not run with me?
6. Whose book did you read in the classroom?
7. Where did your brother go yesterday?
8. When did Ram return?
9. How many boys did not come to the class?
10. How much milk did that baby drink? 
11. Who came to your house yesterday? 

Tenses - English to English Translation
Simple Tense

 Continuous Tense

Perfect Tense


Tenses - Hindi to English Translation
Simple Tense
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Simple Present Tense sentences include happening of work in present time. 

Affirmative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person) + 1st Form of Verb + s/es
Noun Subject is also a third person.
(See Example 2 and 5)

Rule 2: Subject(Plural number) + 1st Form of Verb
(See Example 4 and 6)

Rule 3: For I and You, we will not use 's' and 'es' with Verb. (See Example 1 and 3)

Note: a) Old name of Simple Present is Present Indefinite.
b) Main Form or Base Form or 1st Form of Verb remains always Plural, we make it singular using 's' or 'es'.

Examples:
1. I learn my lesson.
2. Anna sings a sweet song.
3. You write a letter.
4. They learn their lesson.
5. He goes to school.
6. We play hockey.  

Negative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person) + does not + 1st Form of Verb 
(See Example 3 and 4)

Rule 2: Subject(Plural number and I, We, You, They) + do not + 1st Form of Verb
(See Example 1, 2, 5 and 6)

Rule 3: while working with 'never', we have to put never before the verb and there is no use of 'do' and 'does' in the sentence.

Examples:
1. I do not learn my lesson.
2. They do not play hockey.
3. He does not write a letter.
4. Anna does not sing a sweet song.
5. You do not go to school.
6. We do not read our books.
7. He never tells a lie.

Interrogative Sentences
Rule 1:  does + Subject (Single number/third person) + 1st Form of Verb 
(See Example 1 and 3)

Rule 2: do + Subject(Plural number and I, We, You, They) + 1st Form of Verb
(See Example 2)

Rule 3: when/why/what + do/does + Subject + 1st Form of Verb(See Example 4 and 6)

Rule 4: 'how much' or 'how many' or 'which' also used with their related nouns. (See Example 5 and 7)

Rule 5:  If any interrogative word works like a subject then we have to write it first then carry on with verb without using 'do' or 'does'. (See Example 8)

Rule 6: Interrogative negative sentences are just like Interrogative sentences.
Who + do/does + subject + not + object
(See example 9 and 10)

Rule 7: Must put Question Mark (?) at the end of a sentence.


Examples:
1. Does he read a book?
2. Do i give you a pen?
3. Does your mother love you?
4. Why does she come here?
5. Which book do you want?
6. When does he go to school?
7. How many pencils do they want?
8. Who comes to your house daily?
9. Does she not write a letter?
10. Who does not like milk? 

Tenses - English to English Translation
Simple Tense

 Continuous Tense

Perfect Tense


Tenses - Hindi to English Translation
Simple Tense
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