2015
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  1. Offense (अपराध) : annoyance, injury, insult, wrong
  2. Obsolete (अप्रचलित) : discarded, extinct, outworn
  3. Oppressive (अत्याचारी) : cruel, grinding, tyrannical
  4. Outstanding (विशिष्ट) : eminent, prominent, remarkable 
  5. Plead (बहस करना) : assert, state, urge
  6. Pardon (क्षमा करना) : forgive, excuse, overlook 
  7. Peak (शिखर) : acme, apex, pinnacle, summit, top
  8. Peril (खतरा) : danger, risk, chance
  9. Pensive (चिन्ताग्रस्त) : sad, thoughtful, meditative, melancholy
  10. Perpetual (सतत, निरंतर) : ceaseless, eternal, everlasting, permanent
  11. Pledge (प्रतिज्ञा) : commit, oath, promise, vow
  12. Postpone (स्थगित करना) : defer, delay, suspend
  13. Praise (प्रशंसा करना) : applause, acclaim, commendation
  14. Pray (प्रार्थना करना) : beg, implore, request
  15. Precious (कीमती) : costly, dear, priceless, invaluable
  16. Prize (ईनाम) : award, medal, trophy
  17. Prominent (प्रसिद्ध) : distinguished, eminent, notable
  18. Pact (समझौता) : accord, agreement, bargain, treaty
  19. Polite (विनम्र) : civil, courteous, refined, polished
  20. Prevent (रोकना) : check, hinder, restrain, stop
  21. Proceed (आगे बढ़ना) : advance, continue, move, progress
  22. Protect (रक्षा करना) : defend, guard, shield, save
  23. Prudence (विवेक) : carefulness, caution, foresight, discretion
  24. Quarrel (झगड़ा) : controversy, dispute, wrangle
  25. Quiet (शांत) : noiseless, serene, silent, still, peaceful
  26. Queer (विचित्र) : strange, odd, peculiar, unusual, different
  27. Quit (छोड़ना) : leave, abandon, stop
  28. Regard (सम्मान) : respect, esteem, consider
  29. Rude (अशिष्ट) : rough, savage, insolent, discourteous
  30. Rescue (बचाना) : save, liberate, set free
  31. Rival (प्रतिद्वंद्वी, विरोधी) : competitor, opponent, contender
  32. Raise (उठाना) : increase, lift, rouse, elevate
  33. Recover (प्राप्त करना) : regain, obtain, redeem
  34. Release (मुक्त करना) : free, liberate, relinquish
  35. Reliable (विश्वसनीय) : trustworthy, dependable, responsible
  36. Ruin (विनाश) : destruction, downfall, wreck
  37. Strange (अजीब) : odd, queer
  38. Separate (अलग करना) : part, divide
  39. Simple (साधारण) : plain, natural
  40. Summary (सारांश) : synopsis, substance, gist, precis
  41. See (देखना) : look, behold, gaze
  42. Sacred (पवित्र) : holy, consecrated, sanctified
  43. Savage (जंगली) : wild, rude, barbarous, uncivilized
  44. Scorn (घृणा) : contempt, disdain, despise, hate
  45. Splendid (शानदार) : glorious, grand, magnificent
  46. Strife (झगड़ा) : dispute, rivalry, discord, contention
  47. Struggle (संघर्ष) : fight, battle, scuffle, endeavor
  48. Summit (शिखर) : apex, top, peak, zenith, climax, pinnacle
  49. Seize (पकड़ना) : capture, arrest, grasp
  50. Spontaneous (स्वाभाविक) : natural, automatic, voluntary
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  1. Fatal (घातक) : deadly, fateful, lethal
  2. Fame (यश) : reputation, renown, distinction
  3. Flaw (दोष) : imperfection, defect, fault, blemish
  4. Fortitude (सहनशीलता) : endurance, courage, patience
  5. Fear (भय) : terror, horror, fright
  6. Grief (दुःख) : distress. regret, sorrow
  7. Gift (उपहार) : present, contribution, donation
  8. Gloom (अन्धकार) : darkness, sadness, dejection
  9. Gruesome (भयानक) : fearful, ghastly, hideous
  10. Hard (कठिन) : difficult, firm, solid, tough, stiff
  11. Horror (भय) : terror, fear, dread
  12. Hardship (कठिनाई) : adversity, difficulty, misfortune 
  13. Holy (पवित्र) : godly, pious, saintly
  14. Homage (श्रद्धांजलि) : tribute, respect, reverence 
  15. Humane (दयालु) : kind, sympathetic, merciful 
  16. Humble (नम्र) : modest, meek, submissive
  17. Haven (शरण) : refuge, shelter, protection
  18. Ideal (आदर्श) : example, model, perfect 
  19. Idle (आलसी) : lazy, inactive, unemployed
  20. Immortal (अमर) : constant, deathless, eternal, everlasting
  21. Independence (स्वतंत्रता) : freedom, liberty, self government
  22. Industrious (परिश्रमी) : diligent, hardworking, laborious
  23. Ignoble (नीच) : base, detestable, low, worthless
  24. Immense (बहुत बड़ा) : great, huge, vast
  25. Illustrious (प्रसिद्ध) : eminent, famous, renowned
  26. Impediment (अवरोध) : obstacle, hindrance, obstruction
  27. Incessant (लगातार) : endless, continual, uninterrupted 
  28. Incite (उकसाना) : stir, rouse, urge, instigate 
  29. Infinite (अनन्त) : boundless, endless, limitless 
  30. Joy (आनंद) : delight, gaiety, pleasure 
  31. Junk (कूड़ा-करकट) : rubbish, waste, lump
  32. Kind (दयालु) : gentle, tender, merciful 
  33. Kill (मारना) : assassinate, massacre, murder
  34. Lazy (आलसी) : idle, indolent, inactive, sluggish 
  35. Lustre (शोभा) : brilliance, brightness, splendour 
  36. Liberty (स्वतंत्रता) : emancipation, freedom, independence 
  37. Lack (कमी) : deficiency, shortage, want
  38. Magnificent (शानदार) : grand, noble, splendid
  39. Marvel (आश्चर्य) : miracle, wonder 
  40. Melancholy (उदास) : depressing, dejected, gloomy, sad
  41. Mutiny (गदर) : revolt, rebellion, uprising
  42. Mourn (विलाप करना) : bewail, grieve, lament
  43. Massacre (नरसंहार) : butchery, killing, slaughter 
  44. Mysterious (रहसयपूर्ण) : baffling, hidden, obscure 
  45. Nefarious (अधर्मी) : shameful, unlawful, wicked
  46. Naughty (नटखट) : indecent, mischievous, troublesome, wicked
  47. Obstacle (बाधा) : impediment, hindrance, obstruction
  48. Obtain (प्राप्त करना) : achieve, attain, get 
  49. Obvious (स्पष्ट) : clear, distinct, evident, plain 
  50. Overcome (विजय पाना) : defeat, conquer, overthrow, win
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  1. General (साधारण) : particular
  2. Genuine (असली) : spurious
  3. Humility (नम्रता) : insolence
  4. Heaven (स्वर्ग) : hell
  5. Honour (सम्मान) : shame, dishonour
  6. Hope (आशा) : despair
  7. Heredity (आनुवंशिकता) : environment
  8. Humble (विनम्र) : proud, haughty
  9. Honest (ईमानदार) : dishonest
  10. Import (आयात) : export
  11. Include (शामिल  करना) : exclude
  12. Increase (बढ़ाना) : decrease
  13. Innocent (निर्दोष) : guilty
  14. Initial (प्रारंभिक) : final
  15. Inhale (सॉस लेना) : exhale
  16. Justice (न्याय) : injustice
  17. Junior (छोटा) : senior
  18. Joy (आनंद) : sorrow
  19. Knowledge (ज्ञान) : ignorance
  20. Kind (दयालु) : cruel, unkind
  21. Like (पसंद करना) : dislike
  22. Lad (लड़का) : lass
  23. Literate (पढ़ा-लिखा) : illiterate
  24. Logical (तार्किक) : illogical
  25. Lack (कमी) : abundance
  26. Legitimate (वैध) : illegitimate
  27. Lend (उधार देना) : borrow
  28. Legible (पढ़े जाने योग्य) : illegible
  29. Legal (कानूनी) : illegal
  30. Material (सामग्री) : spiritual
  31. Make (बनाना) : mar
  32. Maximum (ज्यादा से ज्यादा, अधिकतम) : minimum
  33. Mortal (नाशवान) : immortal
  34. Miser (कंजूस) : spendthrift
  35. Merit (गुण) : demerit
  36. Mourn (विलाप करना) : rejoice
  37. Noble (नेक) : ignoble
  38. Natural (प्राकृतिक) : unnatural, artificial
  39. Oral (मौखिक) : written
  40. Order (व्यवस्था, आदेश) : disorder
  41. Optimistic (आशावादी) : pessimistic
  42. Patriot (देशभक्त) : traitor
  43. Peace (शान्ति) : war
  44. Pain (दर्द, दुःख) : pleasure
  45. Praise (प्रशंसा करना) : blame
  46. Punishment (दण्ड) : reward
  47. Progressive (प्रगतिशील) : orthodox
  48. Polite (विनम्र) : rude, impolite
  49. Plenty (अधिकता) : scarce
  50. Proud (गर्व) : humble
  51. Pure (शुद्ध) : impure
  52. Poverty (गरीबी) : affluence
  53. Permanent (स्थायी) : temporary
  54. Proper (उचित) : improper
  55. Private (निजी) : public
  56. Quiet (शांत) : noisy
  57. Religious (धार्मिक) : secular, irreligious
  58. raw (कच्चा) : ripe
  59. Rational (विवेकशील) : irrational
  60. Reveal (प्रकट करना) : conceal
  61. Remember (याद रखना) : forget
  62. Regular (नियमित) : irregular
  63. Satisfied (संतुष्ट) : dissatisfied
  64. Servant (नौकर) : master
  65. Sacred (धार्मिक) : profane
  66. Superiority (श्रेष्ठता) : inferiority
  67. Sweet (मीठा) : sour
  68. Solid (ठोस) : liquid
  69. Slow (धीमी) : fast, prompt
  70. Strange (विचित्र) : familiar
  71. Standfast (अपनी बात पर कायम रहना) : fickle
  72. Smooth (चिकना) : rough
  73. Safe (सुरक्षित) : unsafe
  74. Strong (शक्तिशाली) : weak
  75. Soft (मुलायम) : hard
  76. Smile (मुस्कुराना) : frown, sigh
  77. Thick (मोटा) : thin
  78. Tragedy (दुखांत) : comedy
  79. Transparent (पारदर्शक) : opaque
  80. Top (शीर्ष) : bottom
  81. Unity (एकता) : diversity
  82. Virtue (गुण) : vice
  83. Ugly (कुरूप, बदसूरत) : beautiful
  84. Voluntary (स्वैच्छिक) : compulsory
  85. Vague (अस्पष्ट) : definite
  86. Victory (विजय) : defeat
  87. Violent (हिंसात्मक) : nonviolent
  88. Wisdom (बुद्धिमानी) : folly
  89. Wild (जंगली) : tame, domestic
  90. Win (जीतना) : lose

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  1. Devastate (विनाश करना) : destroy, ravage, ruin
  2. Discard (त्यागना) : reject, abandon, eliminate
  3. Discord (विरोध) : variance, strife, disagreement
  4. Docile (विनम्र) : gentle, submissive, humble
  5. Dynamic (गतिशील) : forceful, impelling, vigorous
  6. Deed (कार्य) : action, work, achievement, act
  7. Delay (देरी) : put off, linger, postpone
  8. Develop (विकास करना) : produce, grow, evolve, cultivate
  9. Discover (खोजना) : find, disclose, reveal
  10. Distress (मुसीबत) : trouble, misfortune, grief, discomfort
  11. Distribute (बाँटना) : divide, scatter, classify
  12. Diversity (विभिन्नता) : difference, variety, dissimilarity
  13. Dreadful (भयानक) : fearful, awful, horrible
  14. Dull (नीरस) : boring, stupid, monotonous
  15. Divine (स्वर्गीय) : godlike, holy, superhuman
  16. Decide (निर्णय करना) : determine, finalize, settle
  17. Dead (मरा हुआ) : lifeless, deceased, extinct
  18. Delightful (आनंददायक) : charming, pleasing, enjoyable
  19. Despise (घृणा करना) : dislike, scorn, disdain, detest
  20. Destroy (नष्ट करना) : ruin, demolish, devastate
  21. Determination (संकल्प) : firm decision, judgement, will, resolution
  22. Dejection (उदासी) : grief, sorrow, depression, despondency
  23. Depict (शब्दों में वर्णन करना) : show, portray, exhibit 
  24. Destination (लक्ष्य) : target, goal, end
  25. Devotee (भक्त) : votary, worshiper, enthusiast 
  26. Diminish (कम करना) : lesson, reduce, decrease
  27. Demolish (नष्ट करना) : destroy, pull down, overthrow
  28. Disgrace (अपमान) : dishonour, disfavour, humiliation, insult
  29. Display (दिखाना) : show, reveal, exhibit
  30. Desolate (निर्जल) : solitary, neglected, dreary, lonely, barren
  31. Deliberate (विचारपूर्वक) : thoughtful, intentional, cautious
  32. Erect (बनाना) : raise, upright, build
  33. Effort (प्रयत्न) : trial, attempt, endeavour
  34. Encourage (प्रोत्साहित करना) : inspire, strengthen, promote
  35. Enemy (दुश्मन) : opponent, foe, adversary
  36. Endeavour (प्रयत्न करना) : effort, exertion, attempt, strive
  37. Enthusiasm (उत्साह) : fervour, spirit, great interest, zeal
  38. Eternal (सनातन) : everlasting, endless, perpetual, unchangeable
  39. Esteem (सम्मान) : honour, respect, regard
  40. Eradicate (नष्ट करना) : destroy, abolish, eliminate, uproot
  41. Ecstasy (अति आनंद) : joy, bliss, rapture, exaltation 
  42. Enormous (विशाल) : excessive, huge, tremendous 
  43. Earnest (गंभीर, उत्सुक) : sincere, eager, determined, serious
  44. Emerge (निकालना) : appear, come forth, issue
  45. Entreat (प्राथना करना) : request, solicit, implore
  46. Fabricate (बनाना) : build, construct, make up
  47. Fierce (भयानक) : aggressive, fearful, violent 
  48. Forbid (मना करना) : ban, hinder, prohibit 
  49. Fade (मुरझाना) : dim, wither, vanish
  50. Faint (मूर्छित होना) : exhausted, fade, swoon, weaken
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  1. Bell the cat - To lead in danger (खतरे की अगवाई करना) : Every student dislikes the new principal, but nobody is ready to bell the cat by telling him so.
  2. Blow one's own trumpet - To speak boastfully about oneself (अपनी बड़ाई करना) : A person who always blows his own trumpet, is not liked by anyone.
  3. Bring to light - To make clear (स्पष्ट करना) : The manager tactfully brought to light the dishonesty of the clerk.
  4. Bad blood - Enmity (दुश्मनी) : One should not create bad blood among relatives.
  5. Bring home - To explain (समझाना) : She could not bring home the problem to me.
  6. Bad Bargain - Improper compromise (अनुचित समझौता) : His marriage with a widow has proved a bad bargain for his daughters.
  7. Between Scylla and Charybdis - Between two difficulties (दो मुश्किलों के बीच में) : If you take risk you will be in danger and if not then you will be called coward so you are between Scylla and Charybdis.
  8. By chance - By luck (संयोगवश) : He met his old friend by chance on the road.
  9. By degrees - By and by (धीरे धीरे) : He developed his knowledge by degrees.
  10. Catch a Tartar - Someone more powerful or troublesome (किसी को आशा से अधिक बलवान पाना) : In attacking India, Pakistan caught a tartar. 
  11. Castles in the air - Visionary schemes (हवाई किले बनाना) : Do not waste your time in making castles in the air.
  12. Carry coal to Newcastle - To provide something already present in abundance or foolhardy or pointless action(बेफिजूल  कार्य) : To carry water bottles in river areas is like carrying coal to Newcastle.
  13. Cock and bull story - False story (झूठी बात) : The tale of his heroism is nothing but a cock and bull story.
  14. Come true - Prove true (सत्य निकलना) : His dream about his success has come true.
  15. Cry for the moon - Wish for an impossible thing (असम्भव वस्तु की आशा करना) : A beggar cries for the moon if he wishes to have a car.
  16. Cut a sorry figure - To leave a poor impression (बुरा प्रभाव डालना) : Vimal stood up to speak but he was so nervous that he cut a sorry figure in the function.
  17. Chicken-hearted - Cowardly (कायर) : He is so chicken-hearted that he can do nothing adventurous.
  18. Child's play - Something very easy (आसान काम) : To pass the I.A.S. examination is not a child's play.
  19. Call a spade a spade - To call a thing as it is (साफ़-साफ़ कहना) : Bold persons fearlessly call a spade a spade.
  20. Cry over spilled milk - To feel sorry for the past (व्यर्थ पछताना) : You should not feel sorry for your failure, because it is only crying over spilled milk. 
  21. Cut the Gordian knot - Solve or remove a difficult problem (किसी कठिन समस्या को हल करना) : Let us hope that the prime minister will success in cutting the Gordian knot of black money and corruption in the country.
  22. Call names - To abuse (गाली देना) : Do not call anybody names.
  23. Call to account - To ask one to explain one's conduct (जवाब तलब करना) : The police officer called the bus driver to account for endangering passengers lives.
  24. Crocodile tears - False tears or sorrow (दिखावटी आँसू या दुःख) : The student shed crocodile tears over the incomplete assignment of final term.
  25. Catch red-handed - To catch while committing a crime (रंगे हाथों पकड़ना) : A thief entered my house last night but he was caught red-handed.
  26. Cast pearls before swine - To offer something to someone who cannot understand the value of that thing (अंधे के आगे रोवे अपने नयना खोवे) : Giving some good advice to a stubborn person is like casting pearls before swine.
  27. Cut and dried - Completely ready-made/ clear-cut (बिल्कुल तैयार) : I have got a cut and dried idea for solving your insurance premium problem.
  28. Come off with flying colours - To be successful (सफल होना) : Sita came off with flying colours in the final year of engineering.
  29. Call in question - To doubt (संदेह / शक करना) : How can you call in question the honesty of my office staff?
  30. Dead as the doornail - Quite dead (पूर्ण रूप से मरा हुआ) : Due to no rain, the plants were dead as the doornail.
  31. Die in harness - Die on duty (कर्तव्य या सेवा करते हुए मरना) : Many soldiers die in harness on the battlefield.  
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Rule 1: Active से Passive बनाते समय object को subject और subject को object के स्थान पर ले आते हैं तथा object के पहले प्रायः by लगा देते हैं । जैसे -
Active : Kumar writes a letter.
Passive : A letter is written by Kumar.

First Sentence में Kumar, subject है और letter, object है लेकिन दूसरे वाक्य में letter को subject तथा Kumar को 'by' preposition का object बना दिया है ।

Rule 2: दिए हुए verb, का Past Participle बनाकर उसके पहले उसी Tense का verb 'to be' (am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being) का रूप लगा दिया जाता है , जैसा की निम्न तालिका में दिया गया है :

TenseSimpleContinuousPerfectPerfect Continuous
Presentam 
is 
are
am being 
is being 
are being
has been 
have been
Not Possible
Pastwas 
were
was being 
were being
had beenNot Possible
Futurewill be 
shall be
Not Possiblewill have been 
shall have been
Not Possible


Present TenseActivePassive
SimpleHe kills a snakeA snake is killed by him.
ContinuousHe is killing a snake.A snake is being killed by him.
PerfectHe has killed a snake.A snake has been killed by him.

Past TenseActivePassive
SimpleHe killed a snake.A snake was killed by him.
ContinuousHe was killing a snake.A snake was being killed by him.
PerfectHe had killed a snake.A snake had been killed by him.

Future TenseActivePassive
SimpleHe will kill a snake.A snake will be killed by him.
PerfectHe will have killed a snake.A snake will have been killed by him.



Some More Examples :
1. Active : They believe me.
Passive : I am believed by them.
2. Active : He is praising me.
Passive : I am being praised by him.
3. Active : She gave me a book.
Passive : I was given a book by her.
                           Or
                 A book was given me by her.
                           Or
                 A book was given to me by her.
4. Active : He will help you.
Passive : You will be helped by him.

Note 1: Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous, Future Perfect Continuous तथा Future Continuous की passive voice नहीं बनती है ।

Note 2: केवल Transitive Verbs की ही passive voice बन सकती है Intransitive Verbs की नहीं । Intransitive verbs का object न होने से passive voice नहीं बनती है । 

Note 3: कुछ verbs के बाद passive voice में 'by' preposition के स्थान पर अन्य prepositions का प्रयोग होता है । जैसे -
(a) Surprised, astonished, disappointed, distressed, displeased तथा alarmed के बाद passive voice में 'at' का प्रयोग होता है । जैसे -

1. Active : Your intelligence surprised me.
Passive : I was surprised at your intelligence.
2. Active : His success astonished us.
Passive : We were astonished at his success.
3. Active : His defeat distressed me.
Passive : I was distressed at his defeat.
4. Active : This news alarmed his father.
Passive : His father was alarmed at this news.

(b) Known तथा obliged के बाद 'passive voice' में 'to' का प्रयोग होता है । जैसे -

1. Active : Everybody knows Gandhiji.
Passive : Gandhiji is known to everybody.
2. Active : He will oblige me.
Passive : I shall be obliged to him.


(c) Pleased, satisfied, disgusted, charmed, thronged तथा lined के बाद 'passive voice' में 'with' का प्रयोग होता है । जैसे -

1. Active : My behaviour pleased him.
Passive : He was pleased with my behaviour.
2. Active : Your work satisfies the officers.
Passive : The officers are satisfied with your work.
3. Active : Her sweet song charmed the listeners.
Passive : The listeners were charmed with her sweet song.
4. Active : The passenger lined the booking window.
Passive : The booking window was lined with the passengers.

(d) Contained तथा interested के बाद 'passive voice' में 'in' का प्रयोग होता है । जैसे -
1. Active : This box contains many beautiful things.
Passive : Many beautiful things are contained in this box.
2. Active : This book interests me.
Passive : I am interested in this book.

Note 4: कुछ Intransitive verbs के साथ prepositions का प्रयोग होता है । Prepositions के साथ मिलकर ये verbs Transitive verbs का काम करती है । Passive voice में preposition verb के साथ रहता है । जैसे -

1. Active : The girls laughed at me.
Passive : I was laughed at by the girls.
2. Active : He looks after my children.
Passive : My children are looked after by him.

Note 5: जिन Verbs के दो objects होते है , Passive voice में बदलते समय उनमे से कोई एक subject हो जाता है तथा दूसरा अपने ही स्थान पर object बना रहता है । जैसे -
1. Active : I taught him English.
Passive : He was taught English by me.
                       Or
                 English was taught to him by me.
                       Or
                 English was taught him by me.

 
Note 6: कभी-कभी Passive voice में काम करने वाले doer का प्रयोग नहीं होता, क्योकि वह important नहीं होता । जैसे -
1. Active : Someone has stolen my pen.
Passive : My pen has been stolen.
2. Active : People speak English all over the world.
Passive : English is spoken all over the world.

Also Read :
Active to Passive Voice : Tenses
Active to Passive Voice : Interrogative Sentences
Active to Passive Voice : Imperative Sentences
Active to Passive Voice : Some special cases

Transformation of Sentences in Hindi and English
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Animals : Young one

Ass (गधा) : Foal
Bear (रीछ) : Cub
Cat (बिल्ली) : Kitten
Cow (गाय) : Calf
Dog (कुत्ता) : Puppy
Duck (बतख) : Duckling
Stag (हिरन) : Fawn
Frog (मेंढक) : Tadpole
Goat (बकरी) : Kid
Hen (मुर्गी) : Chicken
Horse (घोड़ा) : Colt
Hare (ख़रगोश) : Leveret
Deer (हिरन) : Fawn
Peacock (मोर) : Peachicken
Sheep (भेड़) : Lamb
Fox (लोमड़ी) : Cub
Tiger (चीता) : Cub
Wolf (भेड़िया) : Cub


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There are three degrees of Adverb and Adjective which are:
(i) Positive e.g. big.
(ii) Comparative e.g. bigger.
(iii) Superlative e.g. biggest.

Rule 1: (a) Positive degree mostly comes between 'so-as', 'such-as' or 'as-as'. Generally use 'so + positive degree + as' for Negative Sentences and 'as + positive degree + as' for Affirmative Sentences. (See examples 1, 2)
(b) Always use 'than' after Comparative degree.
(c) 'the' comes before Superlative degree.

Rule 2: Adjective word, which contains two or more syllables for example - beautiful, intelligent etc. Add 'more' for making their Comparative degree and 'most' for the Superlative degree. (see example 6)

Rule 3: If there is a comparison between two things or persons then in that condition interchange is possible only with Positive and Comparative.


1. Positive - I am not so wise as he.
Comparative - He is wiser than I.

2. Positive - Ram walks as fast as Mohan.
Comparative - Mohan does not walk faster than Ram.

3. Positive - No other city in India is so big as Calcutta.
Comparative - Calcutta is bigger than any other city of India.
Superlative - Calcutta is the biggest city in India.

4. Positive -  No other poet of India was so great as Kalidas.
Comparative - Kalidas was greater than any other poet of India.
Superlative - Kalidas was the greatest poet of India.

5. Positive - Very few Indian leaders were as great as Mahatma Gandhi.
Comparative - Mahatma Gandhi was greater than most other Indian leaders.
Superlative - Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest Indian leaders.

6. Positive - Very few girls are as beautiful as Sonia.
Comparative - Sonia is more beautiful than most other girls.
Superlative - Sonia is one of the most beautiful girls.

7. Positive - This city is at least as calm as some other cities.
Comparative - Some cities are not calmer than this one.
Or
This city is not less calm than some cities.

8. Positive - Some boys are at least as brave as Ram.
Comparative - Ram is not braver than some other boys.
Or
Some boys are not less brave than Ram.
Superlative - Ram is not the bravest of all boys.


9. Positive - I have never seen so beautiful a building as the Taj.
Comparative - The Taj is more beautiful than any other building that I have ever seen.
Superlative - The Taj is the most beautiful building that I have ever seen.

10. Positive - The other boy does not behave as politely as Mohan.
Comparative - Mohan behaves more politely of the two boys.

11. Positive - I did not expect him to be so brave.
Comparative - He is braver than I expected.

12. Positive - I did not think it would be so difficult.
Comparative - It was more difficult than I thought.

13. Positive - It is not as cheap to buy a new one as to repair the old one.
Comparative - It is cheaper to repair the old one than to buy a new one.

14. Positive - Talking to him is not as convenient as writing to him.
Comparative - Writing to him is more convenient than talking to him.

Also Read

Direct and Indirect Narration


Tenses - English to English Translation
Simple Tense

 Continuous Tense

Perfect Tense


Tenses - Hindi to English Translation
Simple Tense

Transformation of Sentences in Hindi and English