October 2016
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"A day will come when there will be no battlefields, but markets opening to commerce and minds opening to ideas."

"A man is not idle because he is absorbed in thought. There is a visible labor and there is an invisible labor."

"Change your opinions, keep to your principles; change your leaves, keep intact your roots."

"Forty is the old age of youth; fifty the youth of old age."

"God manifests himself to us in the first degree through the life of the universe, and in the second degree through the thought of man."

"Have courage for the great sorrows of life and patience for the small ones; and when you have laboriously accomplished your daily task, go to sleep in peace."

"He who opens a school door, closes a prison."

"In proportion as I advance in life, I grow more simple, and I become more and more patriotic for humanity."

"Laughter is the sun that drives winter from the human face."

"Life is the flower for which love is the honey."

"Mirrors, those revealers of the truth, are hated; that does not prevent them from being of use."

"Music expresses that which cannot be said and on which it is impossible to be silent."

"One resists the invasion of armies; one does not resist the invasion of ideas."

"The miserable's name is Man; he is agonizing in all climes, and he is groaning in all languages."

"The need of the immaterial is the most deeply rooted of all needs. One must have bread; but before bread, one must have the ideal."

"The supreme happiness of life is the conviction that we are loved."

"There shall be no slavery of the mind."

"This is the battle between day and night... I see black light."

"To learn to read is to light a fire; every syllable that is spelled out is a spark."

"To love another person is to see the face of God."

"To love is to act."

"To put everything in balance is good, to put everything in harmony is better."

"What makes night within us may leave stars."

"Whatever causes night in our souls may leave stars. Cimourdain was full of virtues and truth, but they shine out of a dark background."

"You have enemies? Why, it is the story of every man who has done a great deed or created a new idea."

Also Read Quotations / Quotes by famous personalities
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The gerund is formed by using 'ing' in the first form of the verb and it works as a noun. Like noun, a gerund can be 'Subject to a verb' (see example a), 'Object to a verb' (see example b), 'Object to a preposition' (see example c) and 'Complement to a verb' (see example d).

Gerund, verb की first form में 'ing' लगाने से बनता है तथा यह noun का काम करता है । Noun की तरह यह Subject to a verb (देखिए वाक्य a), Object to a verb (देखिए वाक्य b), Object to a preposition (देखिए वाक्य c), Complement to a verb (देखिए वाक्य d) हो सकता है 

Examples :
(a) शराब पीना सेहत के लिए हानिकारक है । 
Drinking alcohol is harmful for health.
(b) वे विद्यार्थी हॉकी खेलना पसन्द करते हैं । 
Those students like playing hockey.
(c) वह गाने की शौकीन है । 
She is fond of singing.
(d) वे लोग शिकार करने में होशियार होते थे । 
Those people were skilled in hunting.

Recommended Post - Hindi Exercises based on the use of Non-Finite Verbs: Gerund

Translation from Hindi to English
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A participle is formed from a verb and besides verb, it also works of an adjective. Like Adjective, it qualifies Noun or Pronoun.
Participle, verb से बनता है तथा verb के अलावा adjective का भी काम करता है । Adjective की तरह यह Noun या Pronoun को qualify करता है । 

There are three types of Participle.
Participle तीन प्रकार के होते है :
(A) Present Participle, (B) Past Participle, (C) Perfect Participle

(A) Present Participle :
It uses ing in the first form of the verb.
इसमें verb की first form में ing का प्रयोग करते है ।

Examples :
(a) पुस्तक पढ़कर मैं सोने गया । 
Reading the book, I went to sleep.
(b) कमरे में घुसते ही मैंने एक साँप देखा । 
Entering the room, I saw a snake.

(B) Past Participle :
It uses the third form of the verb.
इसमें verb की third form का प्रयोग करते है ।

Examples :
(a) घायल युवक को अस्पताल भेज दिया गया । 
The wounded soldier was sent to the hospital.
(b) वह एक सेवामुक्त अध्यापिका है । 
She is a retired teacher.

(C) Perfect Participle :
It uses the third form of the verb after having.
इसमें having के बाद verb की third formका प्रयोग करते है ।

Examples :
(a) घर पहुँचकर वह सोने चली गई । 
Having reached home, she went to sleep.
(b) कार्यालय पहुँचकर वह प्रबंधक से मिली । 
Having reached the office, she met the Manager.

Recommended Post - Hindi Exercises based on the use of Non-Finite Verbs: Participle

Translation from Hindi to English
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Those verbs which do not change according to the subject of a sentence called Non-Finite Verbs.
वे क्रियाएँ जो वाक्य के कर्ता के अनुसार परिवर्तित न हो, Non-Finite कहलाती हैं ।

These are of three types :
ये तीन प्रकार की होती हैं :
(1) Infinitive, (2) Participle, (3) Gerund

(1) Infinitive
These are formed by using 'to' before the first form of the verb. There are two types of Infinitives.
ये क्रिया की first form से पहले 'to' लगाने से बनता है । Infinitives दो प्रकार के होते हैं । 
(A) Simple Infinitive, (B) Gerund Infinitive

(A) Simple Infinitive : 
Note: Infinitives are used after some verbs like bid, dare, let, make, need without using 'to'.
नोट: Infinitives, कुछ क्रियाएँ जैसे bid, dare, let, make, need के बाद बिना 'to' के प्रयोग होते हैं । 

Examples :
(a) वह गाना पसन्द करता है । 
He likes to sing.
(b) मेरी इच्छा वहाँ जाने की नहीं है । 
My desire is not to go there.
(c) मैं बाहर जाने वाला हूँ । 
I am about to go outside.
(d) सुबह में जल्दी जागना सेहत के लिए लाभदायक है । 
To wake up early in the morning is beneficial for health.
(e) बड़ो का सम्मान करना हमारा कर्तव्य है ।
It is our duty to respect elders.
(f) उसने मुझे जाने दिया । 
She let me go.

(B) Gerund Infinitive :
इसके द्वारा Adjective या Adverb का कार्य प्रकट किया जाता है । 
Adjective or Adverb is expressed by Gerund Infinitive.

Examples :
(a) वह मुझसे मिलने के लिए आयी थी । 
She came to see me.
(b) वह उसे पीटने को उत्सुक है । 
He is eager to beat him.
(c) यह सोने का समय नहीं है । 
This is not the time to sleep.

Recommended Post - Hindi Exercise based on the use of Non-Finite Verbs: Infinitives

Translation from Hindi to English
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"A poet is a nightingale, who sits in darkness and sings to cheer its own solitude with sweet sounds. His auditors are as men entranced by the melody of an unseen musician."

"And the sunlight clasps the earth, And the moonbeams kiss the sea; What are all these kissings worth, If thou kiss not me?"

"Death is the veil which those who live call life; They sleep, and it is lifted."

"Familiar acts are beautiful through love."

"Fear not for the future, weep not for the past."

"He lives, he wakes — 'tis Death is dead, not he."

"I have drunken deep of joy, And I will taste no other wine tonight."

"Love's very pain is sweet."

"Man has no right to kill his brother. It is no excuse that he does so in uniform: he only adds the infamy of servitude to the crime of murder."

"Most musical of mourners, weep again!"

"Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory — Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the sense they quicken."

"My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!"

"O, wind, if winter comes, can spring be far behind?"

"Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought."

"Peace, peace! he is not dead, he doth not sleep — He hath awakened from the dream of life."

"Poetry is a mirror which makes beautiful that which is distorted."

"Poetry is the record of the best and happiest moments of the happiest and best minds."

"Poetry lifts the veil from the hidden beauty of the world, and makes familiar objects be as if they were not familiar."

"Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world."

"Soul meets soul on lovers' lips."

"The more we study, we the more discover our ignorance."

"The pleasure that is in sorrow is sweeter than the pleasure of pleasure itself."

"There is no sport in hate where all the rage is on one side."

"We look before and after, And pine for what is not: Our sincerest laughter, With some pain is fraught; Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought."

Also Read Quotations / Quotes by famous personalities
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इसके सम्बन्ध में प्रयुक्त नियम निम्नवत हैं :
Rules used in this regard are as follows :

नियम 1. कर्ता यदि एकवचन हो तो उसकी क्रिया भी एकवचन होगी ।
Rule 1. If Subject is singular, so the verb will also be singular.
Example :
राधा एक गाना गा रही है ।
Radha is singing a song.

नियम 2. कर्ता यदि बहुवचन हो तो उसकी क्रिया भी बहुवचन होगी ।
Rule 2. If Subject is plural, so the verb will also be plural.
Example :
वे लड़किया बाजार से कपड़े खरीद रही थी ।
Those girls were buying clothes from the market.

नियम 3. जब दो या दो से अधिक subjects 'and' से जुड़े होते हैं, तो उनकी verb plural होगी ।
Rule 3. When two or more subjects are attached with 'and' then their verb will be plural.
Example :
अमित और मोहन घनिष्ठ मित्र हैं ।
Amit and Mohan are fast friends.

नियम 4. यदि दो subjects जो की 'and' से जुड़े हो और एक ही व्यक्ति या वस्तु को प्रकट करते हो तो उनके साथ verb singular होगी तथा पहले subject के आगे article का प्रयोग होगा ।
Rule 4. If two subjects, which are connected with 'and' belong to the same person or object, then the verb will be used as singular and article will be used before the first subject.
Example :
घोड़ा और गाड़ी गिरजाघर के दरवाजे पर है ।
The horse and carriage is at the door of the church.

नियम 5. यदि दो या दो से अधिक singular subjects 'either.....or', 'neither.....nor' या 'as well as' से जुड़े हों, तो उनकी verb singular होगी ।
Rule 5. If two or more than two singular subjects are connected with 'either.....or', 'neither.....nor' or 'as well as' then verb will be singular.
Example :
या तो राहुल ने या मुकेश ने मेरी किताब ली है ।
Either Rahul or Mukesh has taken my book.

नियम 6. यदि 'either.....or' या 'neither.....nor' से जुड़े हुए subjects अलग-अलग numbers के हो तो verb बाद वाले subject के अनुसार आयेगी ।
Rule 6. If subjects connected with 'either.....or' or 'neither.....nor' are of different-different numbers then verb will be used according to the last subject.
Example :
न तो वह न तो उसके मित्र वहाँ उपस्थित थे ।
Neither she nor her friends were present there.

नियम 7. Each, either, every, many a, neither के साथ verb singular होगी ।
Rule 7. The verb will be singular with each, either, every, many a, neither.
Example :
इन लड़कियों में से हर एक गाने गाती है ।
Each of these girls sings songs.

नियम 8. जब दो subjects 'not only......... but also' से जुड़े हो तो बाद वाले noun या pronoun के अनुसार उनकी verb प्रयोग होगी ।
Rule 8. When two subjects are connected with 'not only......... but also', then the verb will be used according to the second noun or pronoun.
Example :
केवल बेटी ही नहीं उनकी माँ भी हँस रही थी ।
Not only the daughter but also their mother was laughing.

नियम 9. जब 'or' या 'nor' से जुड़े subjects अलग-अलग persons के होते हैं, तो verb उसके निकटतम subject के अनुसार आती है ।
Rule 9. When subjects connected with 'or' or 'nor' are related to different-different persons, then the verb will be used according to their nearest subject.
Example :
या तो तुम अपराधी हो या मैं ।
Either you or I am the culprit.

नियम 10. जब Collective Noun से किसी समूह का बोध हो, तो verb singular होगी ।
Rule 10. When Collective Noun gives a sense of a group then verb will be singular.
Example :
यह कक्षा बहुत बुरी है ।
This class is very bad.

नियम 11. जब Collective Noun से किसी समूह के व्यक्तियों का बोध हो, तो verb plural होगी ।
Rule 11. When Collective noun gives a sense of a group of people then verb will be plural.
Example :
जूरी के जजों में इस बात पर मतभेद था ।
The jury were divided on this point.

नियम 12. यदि किसी book का नाम plural में हो, तो भी उसकी verb singular होगी ।
Rule 12. If some book name is plural, then its verb will be singular.
Example :
'कम्पलीट ग्रिम्मस फेयरी टेल्स' बहुत अच्छी किताब है ।
The 'Complete Grimm's Fairy Tales' is a very good book.

नियम 13. जब plural number से किसी एक बँधी रकम या दूरी का बोध होता है, तो उसकी verb singular होगी ।
Rule 13. When plural number gives an idea of a fixed amount or distance, then the verb will be singular.
Example :
एक लाख रुपये उसका एक महीने का वेतन है ।
One lakh rupees is his one month salary.

नियम 14. कुछ nouns, plural प्रतीत होते हैं, परन्तु अर्थ में singular होते है, तो उनके साथ verb singular होगी ।
Rule 14. Some nouns appear plural, but are singular in meaning, then with them verb will be singular.
Example :
यह समाचार सत्य है ।
This news is true.

नियम 15. जब दो या तीनों persons के pronouns साथ-साथ आते हैं, तो सबसे पहले second person pronoun, फिर third person pronoun और अन्त में first person का pronoun आएगा ।
Rule 15. When two or three persons' pronouns used simultaneously, then firstly, second person pronoun then third person pronoun and in the last, first person pronoun will be used.
Example :
तुम, वे और मैं घूमने आगरा गए ।
You, they and I went to visit Agra.

नियम 16. जब दो अलग-अलग persons 'and' से जुड़े हो, तो verb plural होगी ।
Rule 16. When two different-different persons are connected with 'and' then the verb will be plural.
Example :
प्रधानाचार्य और प्रबंधक यहाँ हैं ।
The principal and the manager are here.

नियम 17. यदि दो different subjects 'as well as' से जुड़े हो, तो verb, first subject के अनुसार प्रयोग होगा ।
Rule 17. If two different subjects are connected with 'as well as' then the verb will be used according to the first subject.
Example :
वो भी और मैं भी यहाँ उपस्थित थे ।
They as well as I were present here.

Recommended Posts -
1. The Verb: Kinds of Verbs
2. Rules of Verb
3. List of Forms of Strong Verbs - Part 1
4. List of Forms of Strong Verbs - Part 2
5. List of Forms of Weak Verbs - Part 1
6. List of Forms of Weak Verbs - Part 2

Translation from Hindi to English
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"A Penny Saved is a Penny Earned."

"An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest."

"By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail."

"Dost thou love life? Then do not squander time, for that is the stuff life is made of."

"Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise."

"Either write something worth reading or do something worth writing."

"Fear not death for the sooner we die, the longer we shall be immortal."

"He that can have patience can have what he will."

"Honesty is the best policy."

"I think the best way of doing good to the poor, is not making them easy in poverty, but leading or driving them out of it."

"If all printers were determined not to print anything till they were sure it would offend nobody, there would be very little printed."

"In wine there is wisdom, in beer there is Freedom, in water there is bacteria."

"Justice will not be served until those who are unaffected are as outraged as those who are."

"Many people die at twenty five and aren't buried until they are seventy five."

"Never ruin an apology with an excuse."

"Our new Constitution is now established, everything seems to promise it will be durable; but, in this world, nothing is certain except death and taxes."

"Remember that time is money."

"Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn."

"That it is better 100 guilty Persons should escape than that one innocent Person should suffer, is a maxim that has been long and generally approved; never, that I know of, controverted."

"The good particular men may do separately, in relieving the sick, is small, compared with what they may do collectively."

"There never was a good war or a bad peace."

"They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety."

"Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety."

"Three may keep a secret, if two of them are dead.

"Well done is better than well said."

"You may delay, but time will not."

Also Read Quotations / Quotes by famous personalities
Grammatical errors correct incorrect sentences and mistakes
51. Incorrect : Do not make noise.
Correct : Do not make a noise.

52. Incorrect : I am related with her.

Correct : I am related to her.

53. Incorrect : She is angry on her son.

Correct : She is angry with her son.

54. Incorrect : I called her as a fool.

Correct :  I called her a fool.

55. Incorrect : He was hung for murder.

Correct : He was hanged for murder.

56. Incorrect : Though she is poor, but she is honest.

Correct : Though she is poor, she is honest.

57. Incorrect : Two of my sisters live in Delhi.

Correct : Two of my sisters live in the Delhi.

58. Incorrect : She took my leave.

Correct : She took leave of me.

59. Incorrect : As she is tired, so she will not come.

Correct : As she is tired, she will not come.

60. Incorrect : Many a man come and go.

Correct : Many a man comes and goes.

61. Incorrect : Mohit is braver than wise.

Correct : Mohit is more brave than wise.

62. Incorrect : Many a man have done so.

Correct : Many a man has done so.

63. Incorrect : This is best of the two.

Correct : This is better of the two.

64. Incorrect : Not less than fifty women attended the party.

Correct : Not fewer than fifty women attended the party.

65. Incorrect : Mr. Sam is the best and rich man in the city.

Correct : Mr. Sam is the best and the richest man in the city.

66. Incorrect : Rakesh does not know to swim.

Correct : Rakesh does not know how to swim.

67. Incorrect : One should not boast of his wealth.

Correct : One should not boast of one's wealth.

68. Incorrect : The police is looking into the case.

Correct : The police are looking into the case.

69. Incorrect : All students must bring her books.

Correct : All students must bring their books.

70. Incorrect : We should have a great faith on God.

Correct : We should have great faith in God.

71. Incorrect : Rich are happy.

Correct : The rich are happy.

72. Incorrect : The honesty is the best policy.

Correct : Honesty is the best policy.

73. Incorrect : Ramcharit Manas was written by Tulsidas.

Correct : The Ramcharit Manas was written by Tulsidas.

74. Incorrect : Milk and bread are her only food.

Correct : Milk and bread is her only food.

75. Incorrect : She jumped in the river.

Correct : She jumped into the river.

76. Incorrect : She has applied to the post of a clerk.

Correct : She has applied for the post of a clerk.

77. Incorrect : She was either educated at Agra or Pune.

Correct : She was educated either in Agra or Pune.

78. Incorrect : The people of Canada is rich.

Correct : The people of Canada are rich.

79. Incorrect : Neither you nor he are to go.

Correct : Neither you nor he is to go.

80. Incorrect : She has written to me yesterday.

Correct : She wrote to me yesterday.

81. Incorrect : When I shall go home I shall meet your father.

Correct : When I go home, I shall meet your father.

82. Incorrect : Please put your sign here.

Correct : Please put your signature here.

83. Incorrect : Knock on the door.

Correct : Knock at the door.

84. Incorrect : In the way I met an old beggar.

Correct : On the way, I met an old beggar.

85. Incorrect : The orator and statesman are dead. 

Correct : The orator and statesman is dead.