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1. All ready (सब तैयार) : We are all ready to join the army.
Already (पहले से) : I have already completed this task.

2. Alternate (बारी-बारी से) : Father and son open shop on alternate days.
Alternative (विकल्प) : There is no alternative but to go to door to door and sell your product.

3. Artistic (कलात्मक, सुन्दर) : My brother wrote a computer program which produces artistic designs.
Artificial (बनावटी, कृत्रिम) : Her smile was artificial.
Artful (चालाक, धूर्त) : My friend has made a fortune through artful schemes.

4. Amiable (सौम्य, सुशील) : I like her amiable nature.
Amicable (मैत्रीपूर्ण, दोस्ताना) : We should settle our differences in an amicable way.

5. Beside (के बगल में) : She stood beside the table.
Besides (के अतिरिक्त) : Besides giving me consolation, he helped me with the money.

6. Casual (आकस्मिक, इत्तिफ़ाक़) : She has applied for casual leaves.
Causal (कारण सम्बन्धी) : There is a causal relationship between both of them.

7. Cite (उदाहरण देना, तलब करना) : Lord Buddha who is highly regarded by their peers tend to be cited.
Site (जगह, स्थान) : I am buying a new site for my new house.
Sight (द्रष्टि, नज़र) : He lost his sight as a baby.

8. Considerable (महत्वपूर्ण) : I have spent a considerable amount of money on my girlfriend.
Considerate (विचारशील) : The new mayor is a considerate man.

9. Credible (विश्वसनीय) : His story was not credible.
Credulous (भोला, आसानी से विश्वास करने वाला) : She is so credulous that anyone can make fool of her.

10. Childish (बचकाना) : Although she is grown up, her habits are childish.
Child-like (बच्चे की तरह) : Her child-like nature loved by everyone.

11. Careless (लापरवाह) : I am totally fed up because of his careless driving.
Carefree (मस्त) : There are few people who are living carefree life today.

12. Classic (प्राचीनकाल-संबंधी) : Queen Padmavati is a classic example of exceptional beauty along with a strong sense of justice.
Classical (शास्त्रीय) : My mother is fond of classical dance.

13. Draught ( घूंट, प्रारूप, ढांचा) : She drinks all the milk in one draught.
Drought (सूखा) : Drought affects the cultivation of major commodities.

14. Descent (पीढ़ी, वंश, उतराई) : The Mountaineers made their descent before sunset.
Dissent (मतभेद, असहमति) : There was no dissent to the proposal by any member of the committee.

15. Dual (दोहरा) : My new mobile has a high-quality dual back camera.
Duel (द्वंद्वयुद्ध) : During Mahabharata, Duryodhana chose Bhima for duel.

16. Deference (सम्मान, आदर) : We should have deference for our elders.
Difference (अंतर) : There is a huge difference between growing older and growing up.

17. Discover (खोजना) : Newton discovered gravitational force.
Invent (आविष्कार करना) : Thomas Alva Edison invented the light bulb.

18. Deny (नकारना, denying the fact) : He denied the criminal charges against him.
Refuse (इनकार, refusing the request) : He refused to take the challenge.

19. Disinterested (निःस्वार्थ, निष्पक्ष, impartial, unbiased) : A lawyer should be under an obligation to give disinterested advice.
Uninterested (अरोचक, bored, unconcerned) : She was uninterested in family business.

20. Effective (प्रभावी) : Project manager has effective control over the team.
Efficacious (प्रभावोत्पादक) : Quitting smoking is efficacious in asthma.

21. Exhausting (थकाऊ) : My two days client meeting was exhausting.
Exhaustive (संपूर्ण) : She published an exhaustive study of earthquakes in Japan.

22. Economic (आर्थिक) : The economic condition of the farmers is very poor in India.
Economical (किफ़ायती, मितव्ययी) : She is economical in all areas of life.

23. Estimate (अनुमान लगाना) : The team members give the estimate for the assigned task.
Estimation (आदर) : A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is held in high estimation by all the people.

24. Forceful (सशक्त, प्रभावशाली) : Her personality was forceful.
Forcible (प्रबल) : The party workers made a forcible entry.

25. Graceful (सुन्दर) : She is graceful.
Gracious (दयालु) : My wife is gracious to the animals.

26. Healthful (सेहतमंद) : Morning yoga is very healthful for us.
Healthy (स्वस्थ) : Kids must eat healthy and non-junk food to stay fit.

27. Historic (इतिहास प्रसिद्ध) : Delhi is a historic place.
Historical (ऐतिहासिक) : There are so many historical buildings to visit in Delhi.

28. Honorary (अवैतनिक) : He is an honorary secretary of the association.
Honourable (माननीय) : He is an honourable member of our family.

29. Imaginary (काल्पनिक) : She told me a story about her imaginary friend.
Imaginative (कल्पनाशील) : Software engineers are imaginative.

30. Incite (उकसाना) : They incited the crowd.
Insight (सूक्ष्म दृष्टि) : Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a man of deep insight.

31. Industrious (मेहनती) : Industrious people make their country strong.
Industrial (औद्योगिक) : Kanpur is an Industrial city of India.

32. Judicial (अदालती, न्यायिक) : He was absent from the judicial inquiry.
Judicious (विवेकशील, समझदार) : Your judicious decision can make your future bright.

33. Loudly (ऊंचे स्वर से) : They complained loudly about the new English teacher. 
Aloud (सुने जाने योग्य आवाज में) : She spoke aloud so that everyone might listen to her.

34. Memorable (यादगार, स्मरण करने योग्य) : Friends share memorable moments of their school life.
Memorial (स्मारक) : A memorial was built to the memory of Swami Vivekanand.

35. Negligent (लापरवाह) : She was negligent of the work.
Negligible (नगण्य, न के बराबर) : There is a negligible risk in life insurance policy.

36. Sensible (समझदार) : She is a sensible wife.
Sensitive (संवेदनशील, भावुक) : She is a sensitive mother.

37. Tolerable (संतोषजनक) : My boss's behaviour is tolerable.
Tolerant (सहनशील) : He must be tolerant of others.

38. Temporary (अस्थायी) : He was temporarily employed with the company.
Temporal (लौकिक) : This world is full of temporal things.

39. Virtual (आभासी) : There are many virtual reality-based games are available in the market.
Virtuous (भला, भद्र) : I like her virtuous nature.

40. Willing (इच्छुक) : He is willing to buy a house.
Willful (खुदराय) : She is a willful girl.


Transformation of Sentences in Hindi and English
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Question 1. Do as directed.
a) Shakespear was a famous poet. (pick out the common noun)
b) Rahul has lost his ______ of keys. ( fill the suitable collective noun)
c) My uncle has ___________ ( buy / bought) a new car yesterday .
d) Write the abstract noun for the word ‘friend’.
e) Reeta is the __________ girl in all. ( fill the suitable degree of ‘intelligent’)
f) I had _____ crayons in my box.( much/ many)
g) My friend has added some sugars.( correct the given sentence)
h) She will sing a song herself.( pick out a reflexive pronoun)
i) The boy has _________ toys in his room. (fill a suitable adjective)
j) We will go for the party tomorrow. ( write the correct tense)

Question 2. Rearrange the given words and punctuate them.
a) has become/ the backbone/ newspaper/ of society
b) all places/ we/ news/ get/ from/ daily
c) want/ people/ their beds/ it on/ in the morning

Question 3. Read the following paragraph carefully. There is an error in each sentence. 
a) A painting competition were held in our school. Eg. Incorrect: were, correct: was
b) It was held on 14th November in 9.00 a.m.
c) The topic of the competition is ‘Flowers’.
d) The competition was held on the main hall.
e) More than 50 student participated in it.
f) The children use water colours, crayons etc.
g) She made very beautiful flowers.
h) In last judges declared the results.
i) The winners were given prizes to the Principal.

Question 4. Do as directed.
a) The students were sitting quietly in the class .( change into simple present tense)
b) They have served tasty food to us.(change into simple past tense)
c) We helped the poor last night.( change into negative sentence)
d) She writes neatly. ( change into interrogative sentence)

Question 5. Rewrite the sentences using the suitable pronouns in each sentence.
a) He had forgotten to bring bag.
b) The students are doing work.

Question 6. Choose and write the suitable words given in the brackets.
The Machine Age,_____ (who/which ) is known as the Insdustrial Revolution, in a short time transformed the lives _____ (of/with) the people. People began to vie with one another in thinking new thoughts ______ (but/ and) discovering new things,which has ________ (continued/ continue) to this day. The result is ______ (what/ that) we now live in a wonderful world which science and industry together ______ (has / have )built.

Question 7. Complete the following dialogues between Amit and Radha by filling in the blanks with suitable words from the box.
Hints: Qutub Minar, on my phone, Humayun Tomb, Purana Qilla, love to come, are we going, idea, historical places

Amit: We are going to visit ___________of Delhi.Would you like to come, Radha?
Radha: This is a good___________. What is a historical place?
Amit: The __________, the _________, and the ____________ are the historical places. We might even go to the zoo.
Radha: I would__________, but I have to ask my mother first.
Amit: You are right, talk to her ________________.
Radha: How _________________, Amit?
Amit: By our car.
Radha: Good.
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Definition - The words which are similar in pronunciation but different in meaning and spelling are called Homophones.

परिभाषा - वे शब्द जिनका उच्चारण समान होता है लेकिन अर्थ और वर्तनी भिन्न होती है Homophones कहलाते है |

Example : 'New' and 'Knew' both have the same pronunciation but different in meaning and spelling.
New means discovered recently
Knew means be aware of through observation, inquiry, or information.

1. Accept (स्वीकार करना) : She accepted the truth.
Except (सिवाय) : I didn't tell her anything, except that I needed the book.

2. Access (पहुँच) : The staircase gives access to the top floor
Excess (अधिक) : She is trying to eliminate excess fat and calories from her diet.

3. Effect (प्रभाव) : There was no effect on him of any advice.
Affect (प्रभावित करना) : The pollution will affect my health.

4. Accede (मान लेना) : The authorities did not accede to the strikers' demands

Exceed (अधिक होना) : Don't exceed the speed limit.

5. Adapt (अनुकूल बनाना) : She adapted herself to college life quite easily.

Adept (निपुण) : He is adept in running.

6. Allusion (संकेत) : There are many allusions in the plays of Shakespeare.

Illusion (मोह माया) : Many people think that we are living a life full of illusions.

7. Altar (वेदी) : Bhagat Singh sacrificed his life at the altar of the motherland.

Alter (बदलना) : There are plans to alter the dining hall.

8. Ascent (चढ़ाई) : The ascent to the Mount Everest is a difficult task.

Assent (अनुमति) : The Prime Minister assented to the proposal.

9. All together (एक साथ) : They enjoyed the wedding all together.

Altogether (सम्पूर्ण) : Altogether it was a great evening.

10. Berth (सोने की जगह) : I'll sleep in the upper berth.

Birth (जन्म) : Please tell me your date of birth.

11. Bale (गाँठ) : She received a bale of cotton.

Bail (जमानत) : He has been released on bail.

12. Canvas (किरमिच) : Those shoes are made of canvas.

Canvass (वोट माँगना) : In each ward, two workers canvassed some one thousand voters.

13. Complement (पूरक) : Local ales provide the perfect complement to fine food.

Compliment (प्रशंसा) : She paid me an enormous compliment.

14. Corps (सैन्य-दल) : He has joined the National Defence corps.

Corpse (मृत शरीर) : The corpse of a woman lay there.

15. Council (परिषद) : My father was a member of legislative council.

Counsel (सलाह) : She took much counsel with him.

16. Check (जाँचना) : Customs officers have the right to check all luggage.

Cheque (बैंक का चैक) : He presented her with a cheque for five thousand rupees.

17. Coarse (मोटा) : She puts on a dress made of coarse cloth.

Course (कार्यप्रणाली, मार्ग) : The University was not very far off our course.

18. Chord (तार) : Her violin has fine chords.

Cord (रस्सी) : She was toying with the telephone cord.

19. Collision (टक्कर) : She died on the spot in the collision between a bus and a truck.

Collusion (मिलीभगत) : The corrupt officials were working in collusion with drug traffickers.

20. Confidant (विश्वासपात्र) : Vice President was a confidant of President.

Confident (आत्म विश्वासी) : She is confident of her success.

21. Depreciate (मूल्य कम करना) : The cost of the properties depreciated within a year.

Deprecate (विरोध करना) : This feature is deprecated and will be removed in later versions.

22. Dairy (दुग्धशाला) : She likes milk supplied by private dairy.

Diary (डायरी) : She notes her travel experience in a diary.

23. Dear (प्रिय) : Ram is my dear friend.

Deer (हिरन) : A deer was killed by hunter.

24. Die (मरना) : He died of heart attack.

Dye (रंगना) : I dyed my hair blonde.

25. Eligible (योग्य) : She is eligible for this post.

Illegible (अस्पष्ट) : His writing is illegible.

26. Eminent (प्रख्यात) : Oscar Wilde was one of London's most eminent playwrights.

Imminent (सन्निकट) : They were in imminent danger of losing their home.

27. Expense (व्यय) : My uncle afforded the expense of my brother's marriage.

Expanse (प्रसार) : My parents were delighted to see the expanse of my school library.

28. Fare (किराया) : The fare of taxis get too high during the festivals.

Fair (Adj-सुंदर, Noun-मेला) : I saw a fair girl with long hair.

29. Feet (पैर का पंजा) : She should not walk bare feet on the road.

Feat (करतब) : Remarkable use of technology in the 21st century is the feats of engineering.

30. Flea (पिस्सू) : A flea gives diseases through its bite to the body.
Flee (भागना) : The families who live near the border will flee from their villages at the time of war.

31. Goal (लक्ष्य) : You must work hard to achieve your goal.

Gaol (जेल) : He spent ten years in gaol.

32. Hoard (ढेर) : She came back to rescue her hoard of money.

Horde (भीड़) : Hordes of intruders came to England.

33. Human (मानव) : Kindness is one of the greatest virtue of human beings.

Humane (दयालु) : She is humane towards animals.

34. Idol (प्रतिमा) : She bent before the idol of Lord Shiva.

Idle (बेकार) : The mill has been standing idle for two years.

35. Jealous (ईर्ष्या) : She was always jealous of my girlfriend.

Zealous (उत्साही) : The management is extremely zealous in the application of the policies.

36. Lose (खोना) : I should not lose this chance of an interview.

Loose (ढीला) : He slipped into a loose T-shirt.

37. Lesson (पाठ) : She has learnt her first lesson.

Lessen (कम करना) : There should not lessen love between us.

38. Later (बाद में) : She reached the school later than I.

Latter (बाद वाला) : Sita and Geeta are two friends. The latter is more beautiful than the former.

39. Miner (खान में काम करनेवाला) : The life of the miner is not easy.

Minor (नाबालिग, साधारण) : His daughter is still minor.

40. Marry (शादी करना) : I do not want to marry before I begin to earn.

Merry (आनंदित) : The restaurants were packed with merry throngs of couples.

41. Moral (नैतिक) : She bears a good moral character.

Morale (हौसला) : The morale of our sales team is high.

42. Ordinance (अध्यादेश) : The new ordinance has been issued by the Supreme court of India.

Ordnance (तोपखाना) : The cannon was a brand new piece of ordnance.

43. Persecute (सताना) : Girls were persecuted by boys in the college.

Prosecute (मुक़दमा करना) : Criminals were prosecuted by District court.

44. Principal (प्रधानाचार्य) : She had been an outstanding principal of our college.

Principle (सिद्धांत) : Lord Gautama Buddha was a man of high principles.

45. Peace (शांति) : Money cannot buy peace of money.

Piece (टुकड़ा) : She has a piece of cheese in her hand.

46. Plain (सादा, समतल) : She wears plain clothes.

Plane (विमान) : She travelled to Delhi by plane.

47. Pray (प्रार्थना) : Before eating food, we must pray to God.

Prey (शिकार) : Deer was easy prey for two lions.

48. Prescribe (निर्धारित करना) : The doctor prescribed medicine for the patients.

Proscribe (बहिष्कार करना) : Government must proscribe the corruption.

49. Quiet (शान्त) : All he wanted was a quiet wedding.

Quite (काफी) : She is quite well now.

50. Rein (लगाम) : He holds his horse by the rein.

Reign (राज्य) : Queen Elizabeth reigns over the United Kingdom.

51. Raise (उठाना) : The banks have raised interest rates.

Raze (नष्ट करना) : Many villages were razed to the ground by the earthquake.

52. Root (जड़) : The banyan trees have long roots.

Route (मार्ग) : We should choose the shortest route to the station otherwise we will be late.

53. Right (सही) : I am not sure about the right answer.

Rite (संस्कार) : The funeral rites were performed at the cremation ground.

54. Rest (आराम) : Doctor advised bed rest for the heart patients.

Wrest (हथिया लेना) : Chain-snatchers tried to wrest the neckless from the lady.

55. Siege (घेराबंदी) : There is a siege of herons at many sanctuaries in the world.

Seize (ज़ब्त करना) : The police has seized the bar by the order of the court.

56. Soar (ऊंची उड़ान भरना) : The bird soared into the air.

Sore (पीड़ादायक) : My child is suffering from a sore throat.
Sour (खट्टा) : There is a smell of sour milk in the kitchen.

57. Suit (सूट, अनुकूल) : The polluted atmosphere of Delhi does not suit me.

Suite (कमरों का सैट, नौकर-चाकर) : She has booked a suite for her husband in Taj hotel.

58. Stationary (स्थिर) : A truck collided with a stationary car.

Stationery (लेखन-सामग्री) : He buys new stationery every month.

59. Story (कहानी) : My grandmother tells me stories of angels before sleeping.

Storey (मंज़िल) : He lives in the tenth-storey building.

60. Soul (आत्मा) : Her soul has been corrupted totally.

Sole (जूते का तल्ला) : The sole of his shoe has broken.

61. Sail (जलयात्रा) : Sailing a ship without a captain is not an easy task.

Sale (बिक्री) : This painting is not for sale.

62. Tale (कहानी) : He told me the tale of his failure in love.

Tail (पूंछ) : Some animals have long tails.

63. Teem (भरा होना) : The forest has teemed with animals.

Team (टीम, टोली) : Our Cricket team will again win the championship.

64. Urban (शहरी) : Villagers are searching jobs in urban areas.

Urbane (सुसंस्कृत) : He is charming as well as urbane.

65. Umpire (निर्णायक) : The players should not argue with the judgement of the umpire.

Empire (साम्राज्य) : Aurangzeb was largely responsible for the downfall of the Mughal empire.

66. Vacation (छुट्टी) : In summer vacation she went to Switzerland.

Vocation (पेशा) : Her vocation as a writer.

67. Veil (घूंघट) : Her veil was lifted by her husband.

Wail (विलाप) : The mother wailed for her lost child.

68. Vain (व्यर्थ) : His efforts to find a new house were all in vain.

Vein (नस) :  Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart.
Wane (पतन, कम होना) : The moon is waning.

69. Wave (लहर) : The waves are rising in the sea.

Waive (छोड़ देना) : She agreed to waive all rights to the money.

70. Waste (बेकार) : We should not waste electricity.

Waist (कमर) : Her waist is very slim.

71. Week (सप्ताह) : There are seven days in a week.

Weak (कमज़ोर) : My brother is weak in Physics.


Transformation of Sentences in Hindi and English
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There are four types of gender.
1. Masculine: Words such as boy, man, father, brother, he, him and his stand for masculine nouns or males. They are called masculine Gender.

2. Feminine: Words such as girl, woman, mother, sister, she and her stand for feminine nouns or males. They are called Feminine Gender.

3. Neuter: Those words which are used neither for male nor for females means only used for non-living things. They are called Neuter Gender.
Examples: table, chair, wall, wood, bell, house, bricks etc.

4. Common: Those words which are used both for males and females. They are called Common Gender.
Examples: birds, child, baby, young ones, student, teacher, eagle, doctor, friend, orphan, stranger etc.