April 2017
no image
Note: Please read "Kinds of Pronoun" before reading Rules of Pronoun

Rule 1. किसी भी Pronoun का person, number तथा gender अपने से पहले वाले noun के अनुसार आता है |
Examples :
(a) All the students must do their studies.
(b) Every daughter should obey her parents.

Rule 2. जब दो Singular Nouns 'and' से जुड़े हो और उनसे पहले each या every आया हो, तो उसके बाद Verb और Pronoun Singular होगा |
Examples :
(a) Every girl and every teacher was busy with her work.
(b) Each table and each chair was in its place.

Rule 3. जब दो या दो से अधिक Singular Nouns को either or, neither nor, or से जोड़े, तो Pronoun Singular होगा |
Examples :
(a) Either Monika or Richa has purchased her car.
(b) Neither Ramesh nor Suresh has done his work.
(c) Suman or Komal was shopping for her brother's marriage.

Rule 4. यदि एक Singular Subject और एक Plural Subject either or, neither nor, or से जुड़े हो, तो Plural Subject को बाद में लगाते है और Pronoun अपने पास वाले Noun के अनुसार आता है |
Example :
(a) Either Sita or her friends forget their mobiles.

Rule 5. दो या तीनों Persons का प्रयोग एक ही वाक्य में होने पर, सबसे पहले Second Person फिर Third Person और अन्त में First Person को लगाते है | (Read 1st, 2nd, 3rd Person)
(a)  You, he and I are best friends.
(b) You and I can do this work.

Rule 6. यदि किसी वाक्य में 'to be' Verb(is, are, am, was, were etc.) का complement कोई Pronoun हो, तो वह हमेशा Nominative Case होगा |
Incorrect: It is me who can help you.
Correct: It is I who can help you.

Rule 7. Each other दो लोगों के लिए और one another दो से अधिक लोगों के लिए प्रयोग होता है |
(a) Ranbir and Deepika love each other.
(b) These children love one another.

Rule 8. यदि Relative Pronoun verb का Subject हो, तो verb Relative Pronoun के antecedent के number और person के अनुसार प्रयोग होती है |
Incorrect: It is I who is your friend.
Correct: It is I who am your friend.

Rule 9. Relative Pronoun 'who' का प्रयोग generally व्यक्तियों को लिए किया जाता है |
(a) The girl, who is setting in the corner, is my best friend.

Rule 10. Whom (जिसे, जिसको, जिनको, जिन्हें) का प्रयोग व्यक्तियों के लिए तथा whose (जिनका, जिसका) का प्रयोग व्यक्तियों के साथ-साथ निर्जीव वस्तुओं के लिए भी होता है |
(a) This is the boy whom I love.
(b) I know the girl whose brother was murdered.
(c) The computer, whose CPU is not working, is useless.

Rule 11. Which का प्रयोग वस्तुओं तथा जानवरों के लिए करते है | 
(a) I have lost the bag which I purchased yesterday.
(b) The horse which I bought has won the race.

Rule 12. That का प्रयोग व्यक्तियों तथा वस्तुओं के लिए करते है | 
(a) She behaved in such a manner that I had not hoped.
(b) The plane that landed an hour ago came from Bangkok.

Rule 13. यदि Antecedent से पहले same या such का प्रयोग हो, तो उसके बाद generally Relative Pronoun 'as' लगाते है | 
Incorrect: This is the same shirt which I gave you.
Correct: This is the same shirt as I gave you.

Rule 14. Relative Pronoun को जितना हो सके अपने Antecedent के पास रखना चाहिए | 
Incorrect: I have read Shelley's poems, who was a romantic poet.
Correct: I have read poems of Shelley who was a romantic poet.

Rule 15. Reflexive Pronoun कभी भी अकेला किसी Verb का Subject नहीं बन सकता उससे पहले कोई Noun या Pronoun अवश्य आएगा | 
Incorrect: Myself did this work.
Correct: I myself did this work.

Rule 16. Avail, absent, apply, avenge, betake, drink, enjoy, oversleep, pride, resign आदि Transitive Verbs के साथ Reflexive Pronoun का प्रयोग होता है | 
(a) The girls absented themselves from the class.
(b) We enjoyed ourselves at the picnic.

Rule 17. दो व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं के लिए either और neither तथा दो से अधिक व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं के लिए any, none का प्रयोग करना चाहिए | 
(a) Neither of these two children has stolen your pencil.
(b) None of the sportsmen of our school could get a medal in swimming. 

Rule 18. यदि वाक्य में Indefinite Pronoun 'One' का प्रयोग हुआ है तो अन्त तक Pronoun के स्थान पर one का ही प्रयोग होगा | 
Incorrect: One should do his duty.
Correct:  One should do one's duty.

Recommended: Pronoun Worksheet