2019
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"Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans." ― Jacques-Yves Cousteau

Everyone knows that the problem of pollution has become very serious today. Man has interfered too much with nature. As a result, an environment that includes air, water and soil has been polluted in numerous ways. If the environment is polluted all sorts of life then humans, animals, and vegetation are affected directly or indirectly. 

Slowly we are feeling that the precious gift of nature is being destroyed and human life is being shortened by the polluted air we breathe and unhealthy water we drink. Increase of the pollutants in the air causing global warming. Which is messing with the temperature of the earth's climate system.

Air pollution is mostly caused by the smoke coming out of the chimneys of factories, mills, workshops, and vehicles. Air pollution may cause lung diseases, asthma, eye-flue, head-aches.

Water is the basis of life but the greed of a man to get more and more money pollutes it. The owners of industries dump waste material on the surface of the earth or in the rivers. People use this polluted water and invite a number of diseases. Water pollution resulted in the outbreak of cholera in the number of colonies of Delhi. The religious practice also caused water pollution around the world.

Noise pollution is dangerous to life. It is said that the noise of more than 80 decibels causes deafness and other diseases. In large cities the roar of vehicles is unbearable. Their engine and horns create noise which is harmful to people's physical and mental health. Animals have a sharper sense of hearing than humans so bursting crackers have a terrifying effect on them.

People should use public transport or carpool which will reduce pollution by vehicles. The debris of industries should not be dumped on the surface of the earth or in the rivers. It should be destroyed by the use of suitable chemicals. There should not be deforestation. People should not dump domestic waste on the streets. We should remain akin to nature. People must be encouraged to plant more trees. 

The government should also act on recycling to control plastic pollution. Firecrackers at festivals and weddings cause huge air and noise pollution so we must avoid to use them. A check on the growth of the population is also necessary to control the increasing pollution of the environment. The people of the country should also cooperate with the government to control this pollution. It is not only a government duty to control these issues but also ours to help the government.

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"We are unnecessarily wasting our precious resources in wars... if we must wage war, we have to do it on unemployment, disease, poverty, and backwardness." -Atal Bihari Vajpayee

The problem of unemployment is the most serious problem facing our country and all over the world. A large number of educated and uneducated people loiter about in search of some job. They are willing to work but they cannot get it. There is unemployment in cities, towns and villages. An empty mind is the devil's workshop. An unemployed person is a nuisance to society. A hungry man can do any wrong. therefore, It is our government to solve the problem of unemployment as early as possible before it becomes severe. 

There are many causes of unemployment in India. The greatest cause of unemployment is the overpopulation of the country. The population of the country is growing fast but the jobs cannot be increased in the same proportion. So a large number of skilled and talented people remain unemployed.

Another cause of unemployment is our defective system of education. The present education is bookish. It must be job oriented. Our current education system is not preparing students for life and every young man of today is only running for a white-collar job.

Machines are also responsible for unemployment. A single machine does the work of hundreds or thousands of people. So the labour remains unemployed and their mind redirects that population into offence, annoyance and trobles. Mahatama Gandhi's idea of replacing unemployment was "Not mass production but production by masses."

To solve these problems, there should be a regular check on the rapid growth of population. The programme of family planning should be more active in rural areas. The system should be more focused on technical and vocational education. Importance should be given to practical knowledge rather than theoretical knowledge. The government should create more jobs for the educated unemployed. Cottage and small scale industries should be developed. The government and banks should support the youths to set up cottage industries and start-ups.

To Conclude, we can say that our government is trying to solve the problems which are taken as a very serious matter. Efforts to control the population is being made but still, the government has to put more efforts. Irrigation and multipurpose projects are increasing. Technical and vocational courses are being provided by many institutes. Small scale businesses and start-ups are being encouraged by the government. Last but not least, in the words of Lal Bahadur Shastri, "We can win respect in the world only if we are strong internally and can banish poverty and unemployment from our country."

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"A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way, and shows the way."-John C. Maxwell

The fate of the country depends on good political leaders. Democracy is the government of the people, for the people and by the people. So the democratic countries give all the rights and power to people to elect worthy leaders for their country. In the words of Jim Rohn, "A good objective of leadership is to help those who are doing poorly to do well and to help those who are doing well to do even better."

There are certain qualities that a good leader must possess. A good leader must be honest, simple, hard-working, confident, good communicator, bold, upright, truthful and selfless. A good leader must be a positive thinker and their positive approach must be visible through their actions. They must have the capability of making the right decision at the right time.

Good leaders should be selfless and must be prepared to make even the greatest sacrifice for their country. They should not work only for the benefit of their own, but they should work for the welfare of the whole society and country. A selfish and loose character cannot influence the public for the greater good for their country's growth and development. A good leader must be bold enough to face an adverse situation. With good speaking capability, a good leader can impress the people and encourage them to reform themselves and society. A good leader also tries to remove or reduce the prevailing social evils.

In this way, we find that a good leader plays an important role in the social, political, economic and religious life of a nation. There is a dearth of good political leaders and Lal Bahadur Shastri was one of them who said: "We believe in peace and peaceful development, not only for ourselves but for people all over the world."

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Every year the 15th of August is celebrated as Independence day in India. On 15th August 1947, India got freedom after a long struggle with the British government under the leadership of great freedom fighters. Common people also took part in the freedom struggle. This day reminds us of all the sacrifices and suffering that the freedom fighters had to undergo for winning freedom. Thus the 15th of August is a historic day for the Indians and that's why it became our national festival.

The 15th of August is the final result of continued struggles. A number of great freedom fighters like Lala Lajpat Rai, Subhash Chandra Bose, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Chandra Shekher Azad sacrificed their life to fill in a sense of patriotism into the hearts of the Indian people. In the words of Bhagat Singh, "Bombs and pistols do not make a revolution. The sword of revolution is sharpened on the whetting stone of ideas." Mahatama Gandhi started non-violent non-cooperation and quit India movement against the British rule in India. The whole country was in the revolution against the British rulers. Thus we got freedom on this day.

This day is celebrated with great joy and pride every year as Independence Day. The national flag is hoisted on all the government and private buildings of the country. At the Red Fort, Prime Minister of India unfurls the national flag and due respect is shown to the flag by way of military and mass salute.

15th August 1947 is a memorable day for the Indians. In the words of Subhash Chandra Bose, it brings for us a message that "One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives."

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English NameHindi Name
ForkKaanta कांटा
GraterKadukas कदूकस
GriddleRotee Pakaane Ka Tava रोटी पकाने का तवा
KnifeChaakoo चाकू
LadleKarachhul करछुल
PincersSandasee संडसी
Rolling BoardChakla चकला
Rolling PinBelan बेलन
SkimmerPauna पौना
SpatulaPalta पलटा
SpoonChammach चम्मच
Tea StrainerChaay Kee Chhannee चाय की छन्नी
TongsChimata चिमटा
WokKadaee कडाई



"During all those years of experimentation and research, I never once made a discovery. All my work was deductive, and the results I achieved were those of invention, pure and simple."

"Everyone steals in commerce and industry. I've stolen a lot, myself. But I know how to steal! They don't know how to steal! "Everything comes to him who hustles while he waits."

"Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration."

"Hell, there are no rules here — we're trying to accomplish something."

"I find out what the world needs. Then, I go ahead and invent it."

"I have never seen the slightest scientific proof of the religious ideas of heaven and hell, of future life for individuals, or of a personal God. "I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work."

"I never did a day's work in my life, it was all fun."

"I owe my success to the fact that I never had a clock in my workroom."

"I do not believe in the God of the theologians; but that there is a Supreme Intelligence I do not doubt."

"If we did all the things we are capable of doing, we would literally astound ourselves."

"It is very beautiful over there!"

"Just because something doesn't do what you planned it to do doesn't mean it's useless."

"Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up."

"None of my inventions came by accident. I see a worthwhile need to be met and I make trial after trial until it comes. What it boils down to is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration."

"Opportunity is missed by most people because it is dressed in overalls and looks like work."

"Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time."

"Restlessness is discontent — and discontent is the first necessity of progress. Show me a thoroughly satisfied man — and I will show you a failure."

"The doctor of the future will give no medicine, but will instruct his patient in the care of the human frame, in diet and in the cause and prevention of disease."

"The first requisite for success is the ability to apply your physical and mental energies to one problem incessantly without growing weary."

"There is no substitute for hard work."

"To invent, you need a good imagination and a pile of junk."

"We don't know a millionth of one percent about anything."

"When you've exhausted all possibilities, remember this: You Haven't!"

Recommended Post:  Quotations / Quotes by famous personalities
English NameHindi Name
BarleyJow जौ
Broken Wheat or Cracked WheatDalia दलिआ
Buckwheat FlourKootoo ka atta कूटू का आटा
Corn FlourMakke ka aata मक्के का आटा
Finger MilletRaagi / Nachani रागी
Flattened RicePoha पोहा
Gram FlourBesan बेसन
Maize, CornMakki / Makai मक्की / मकई
OatsJaee जई
Pearl MilletBajra बाजरा
Puffed RiceMuramure मुरमुरे
RiceChaawal चावल
SemolinaSoojee सूजी
SorghumJowar जवार
VermicelliSevee सेवई
Water Chestnut FlourSinghare ka atta सिंघाड़े का आटा
WheatGehun गेहूँ



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Dear Sir,

We are glad to invite you to the launch of our new product [product/brand name]. You are a well-known person of today's times and we would be grateful if you could give us a little part of your time from your busy schedule to endorse our new product.

We already have so many famous products [products names] in the market and we wish you to be our face for this new product because we think nobody can better present this product than you.


You have an immense fan following and It would be an honour/honor if you accept our invitation to come and associate with our brand or product.

We look forward to hearing from you soon.

Thank You,
Sender's name and contact details

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Dear Sir,

I traveled to Pune from New Delhi on the flight(Flight Number) on April 28, 2019. My luggage was misplaced because of the carelessness of your airline staff. Your airline’s staff assured me that my luggage will be delivered to my address within 24 hours.

First of all, I did not expect irresponsible behavior from a reputed airline brand like yours. It has been 3 days now and your airline has no information about my lost luggage. There are many important things in my luggage that were required during my stay in Pune. I have faced so many problems due to your unprofessional airline.


I want compensation from you for the inconvenience caused to me. I hope you will soon locate my luggage and sent back it to my address. 

I would appreciate an early reply from you.

Thanks,
Sender's name and contact details

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XYZ Pvt Ltd,
XYZ's location
May 2, 2019
Customer's name,
Customer's address,

Dear Sir,

We are sorry to inform you that according to our records, your payment of  $5000 is long overdue by more than 2 months now.

We did not receive any reply from your end on a reminder before to ensure that you make the payment on time. You are a valuable customer for our company and we want to continue to serve you diligently. To maintain healthy relations, we request you to please clear your outstanding payment within the next 15 days. An option of payment in installments is also available for which please contact us within 1 week of receiving this letter.


If you have any questions, please contact us and we would be happy to clarify them.


Yours truly,
XYZ Pvt Ltd,
Sender's name,
Sender's designation

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4. Letter of condolence to a friend on the death of his father.
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ABC Pvt Ltd,
Delhi
May 1, 2019
XYZ Company Pvt Ltd,
Ludhiana, Punjab

Dear Sir,

Please send us your price list and quotations for woollen clothes within two weeks after receiving this letter.

We would be placing a minimum order of 1000 pieces. So we also request you to let us know the rate of discount and terms regarding payment and delivery.


Hoping to receive an early response from you.

Yours Truly,
ABC Pvt Ltd,
sender's name,
sender's designation

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4. Letter of complaint to the Additional District Magistrate of your district regarding scarcity of sugar and kerosene oil at the fair price shop
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6. Letter to the Editor of a Newspaper, about frequent breakdown of electricity in your locality
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1. Letter from a son to father asking for money for the purchase of some books.
2. Letter to your friend congratulating him on his success in the examination.
3. Letter to your younger brother advising him to work hard and not to neglect his studies.
4. Letter of condolence to a friend on the death of his father.
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XYZ public school,
Delhi,
April 24, 2019

ABC Sports Co.
Jalandhar,
Punjab

Subject- Purchase of sports material

Dear Sir,

Thanks for your quotation letter dated February 10, 2019. We request you to supply us following items as per your mentioned rates and quality. Please see that the consignment is booked well in time to reach us latest by May 25, 2019.

Description - Quantity
Batting Pads - 20 pairs
Cricket Bats - 15 pieces
Leather Balls - 10 pieces
Batting Gloves - 15 pairs
Helmets - 20 pieces
Footballs - 20 pieces
Hockey Sticks - 30 pieces
Volleyball - 15 pieces
Hockey balls - 20 pieces
Tennis rackets - 24 pieces
Tennis balls - 15 pieces

Kindly give the discount we agreed on. The payment will be made by the online transaction.

Hoping to hear soon from you.

Yours truly,
sender's name
sender's designation

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2. Letter to your friend congratulating him on his success in the examination.
3. Letter to your younger brother advising him to work hard and not to neglect his studies.
4. Letter of condolence to a friend on the death of his father.
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6. Letter to your friend, describing a fair that you attended.
7. Letter expressing sorrow and giving sympathy to your friend, who has failed in the examination
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