Definition : Those words which modifies the meaning of an Adjective, verb or other Adverb are called Adverb.
परिभाषा : संज्ञा, सर्वनाम को छोड़कर विशेषण, क्रिया या किसी क्रिया विशेषण की विशेषता बताने वाले शब्द क्रिया विशेषण कहलाते है |


Following are the main types of the Adverbs. Underlined words in sentences are Adverbs.
1. Simple Adverb (सरल क्रिया विशेषण) : Following are the types of Simple Adverb.

(i) Adverb of Time (कालवाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which gives information of when something happened, happening or going to happen are called Adverbs of Time.
Examples : early, daily, now, lately, never, soon, recently, always, sometimes etc. 
(a) She went early.
(b) He walks daily.

(ii) Adverb of Place (स्थानवाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which gives information of where something happened, happening or going to happen are called Adverbs of Place.
Examples : here, away, above, below, everywhere, out, in, there etc.
(a) Come here.
(b) She went away.

(iii) Adverb of Number or Frequency (बारम्बारता वाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which gives information of how often something happened, happening or going to happen are called Adverbs of Number or Frequency.
Examples : again, always, each day, everyday, daily, twice, never, always, often etc.
(a) She has come again.
(b) You should always speak the truth.

(iv) Adverb of Manner (रीतिवाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which gives information of how something happened, happening or going to happen are called Adverbs of Manner.
Examples : fast, hard, well, clearly, slowly, quickly, sadly, loudly etc.
(a) She runs fast.
(b) He reads clearly.

(v) Adverb of Degree or Quantity (मात्रावाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which gives information of how much or to which extent something happened, happening or going to happen are called Adverbs of Degree or Quantity.
Examples : quite, too, nearly, almost, much, hardly etc.
(a) She is quite strong.
(b) She is too weak to walk.



(vi) Adverb of Reason (कारणवाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which gives information of cause or intention of something are called Adverbs of Reason.
Examples : therefore, hence, thus, so, because, as, since, that etc.
(a) He therefore lost the chance.
(b) She ran so dog barked on her.

(vii) Adverb of Affirmation (स्वीकृतिवाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which gives information of confirmation or acceptance of something are called Adverbs of Affirmation.
Examples : yes, surely, certainly, truly, undoubtedly, clearly, exactly, affirmatively, obviously etc.
(a) Surely, she is rich.
(b) Yes, I will do my work.

(viii) Adverb of Negation (अस्वीकृतिवाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which gives information of disapproval or rejection of something are called Adverbs of Negation.
Examples : not, no, never, hardly, almost, rarely, scarcely, barely, seldom, rare etc.
(a) I do not know him.
(b) No, she is still here.

2. Interrogative Adverb (प्रश्नवाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which use first in sentences and ask questions are called Interrogative Adverbs.
Examples : why, when, where, how etc.
(a) Where do you live ?
(b) How are you ?

3. Relative Adverb (सम्बन्धवाचक क्रिया विशेषण) : Those words, which connect two sentences and modify the verb of sentences come after those words are called Relative Adverbs.
Examples : when, where, why etc.
(a) This is the place where I live.
(b) I know the time when he will come.



Post A Comment:

0 comments: