Rule 1. कुछ Nouns के एकवचन (Singular) और बहुवचन (Plural) में सामान रूप रहते हैं ।
Examples: swine, deer, sheep etc. Click here to see more examples
(a) The sheep is grazing. (यहाँ एक भेड़ है)
(b) Many sheep are grazing in the park. (यहाँ कई सारी भेड़ें हैं)

Rule 2. यदि hundred, thousand, dozen से पहले संख्या (number) होती है, तो 's' नहीं लगाते है ।
(a) I bought four dozen bananas.
(b) My mother gave me two hundred dollars.

यदि इससे पहले संख्या (number) नहीं होती है, तो Plural बनाने के लिए 's' लगाते है तथा 'of ' का प्रयोग करते है ।
(a) Hundreds of monkeys gathered there.
(b) Thousands of euros were spent.

Rule 3. कुछ Nouns देखने में Singular लगते हैं परन्तु meaning में Plural होते हैं ।
Examples: police, military, public etc. Click here to see more examples
(a) The police have arrested the thief.
(b) The people of Singapore are rich.

Rule 4. कुछ Nouns केवल Singular में प्रयोग होते हैं उनका Plural नहीं होता हैं ।
Examples: hair, bread, alphabet, mischief, poetry etc. Click here to see more examples
(a) The old furniture was disposed of.
(b) Her information was wrong.
उपर्युक्त शब्दों का Plural कुछ इस तरह बनाते हैं : articles of furniture, loves of bread, pieces of information etc.

Rule 5. यदि Collective Noun से समूह का बोध हो, तो Singular Verb का प्रयोग करते है और यदि अलग-अलग लोगों का बोध हो, तो Plural Verb का प्रयोग करते है ।
Examples:  Jury, Government, Committee etc.
(a) The committee was one on this point.
(b) The committee were divided on one point.

Rule 6. कुछ Nouns देखने में Plural लगते हैं परन्तु meaning में Singular होते हैं ।
Examples: Physics, news, Mathematics etc. Click here to see more examples
(a) Physics is an interesting subject.
(b) The news of his failure is not true.

Rule 7. कुछ Nouns केवल Plural में प्रयोग होते हैं ।
Examples: tongs, alms, trousers, thanks, scissors etc. Click here to see more examples
(a) Alms are given to the beggars.
(b) Her scissors were very blunt.

Rule 8. कुछ Nouns में बीमारियो के नाम जैसे - measles, mumps, rabies तथा खेलों के नाम जैसे - cards, darts, billiards, draughts, gymnastics, athletics etc. का प्रयोग Singular में ही होता हैं ।
Examples :
(a) Billiards is easier than snooker.
(b) Mumps is an infectious disease.

Rule 9. Abstract और Material Nouns का Plural नहीं बनता, ये Singular form में ही प्रयोग होते हैं ।
Examples: kindness, tin, copper, iron, wheat, milk, water, silver, gold etc.
(a) Wheat is grown in India in a larger quantity.
(b) This house is made of brick and stone.

Rule 10. Newspapers, some countries और books के नाम देखने में Plural लगते हैं लेकिन meaning में Singular होते हैं ।
(a) The New York Times has won more prizes than any other news organization.
(b) The United States of America has made great progress in science.
(c) Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is a famous novel.

Rule 11. Means, Wages, Pains etc Nouns प्रयोग के अनुसार Singular या Plural होते हैं । 
(a) Her wages are five hundred rupees per day.
(b) The wages of sin is more than death.

Rule 12. Word का Singular तथा Plural में प्रयोग :
Singular: ('प्रतिज्ञा' या 'वचन' के अर्थ में )
She did not keep her word.
Plural: ('शब्द' के अर्थ में)
There are three words in this sentence.

Rule 13. Brother, cloth, fish का Plural में दो अलग-अलग अर्थ में प्रयोग :
(a) All brothers are living in peace. (brothers -  एक ही माता-पिता के पुत्र)
(b) We are all brethren. (brethren - एक ही समाज के सदस्य)

(a) There are various cloths in the shop. (Cloths - बिना सिले कपड़े या थान)
(b) We wear warm clothes in the winter. (Clothes - सिले हुए कपड़े या पोशाके)

(a) I had fish in the lunch. (Fish - एक समूह में )
(b) There were five fishes in the pond. (Fishes - अलग-अलग रूप में)

Rule 14. कोई Noun किसी Compound word में Adjective का काम करें तो वह हमेशा Singular में प्रयोग होगी । 
Examples: A four-year old child, A three-mile walk, A hundred-rupee note etc.
(a) My father gave me a hundred-rupee note.

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