Figures of speech (अलंकार)
भाषा में सरलता, नवीनता, माधुर्य एवं सौंदर्य के लिए अलंकारों का प्रयोग किया जाता है ।
Figures of speech are used to amplify simplicity, innovation, melody and beauty of a language.

अलंकार मुख्यता सात प्रकार के होते है ।
There are mainly seven figures of speech

1. Simile (उपमा)
2. Metaphor (रूपक)
3. Personification (मानवीयकरण)
4. Apostrophe (सम्बोधन)
5. Oxymoron (विरोधाभास)
6. Hyperbole (अतिशयोक्ति)
7. Onomatopoeia (ध्वनि-सूचक)

Simile (उपमा)
यह अलंकार दो भिन्न प्रकार की वस्तुओं की तुलना करता है जिनमें कम से कम एक गुण समान हो । as, so या like शब्दों का प्रयोग समानता व्यक्त करने के लिए होता है । 
This compares two objects of different kinds which have at least one point in common. The words as, so, or like are used for showing common. 

Examples :
a) It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven.
b) I see the waves upon the shore, Like light dissolved in star-showers thrown.
c) Till death like sleep might steal on me.
d) And we are here as on a darkling plain, Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight.
e) She sways like a flower in the wind of our song.

Note : यदि तुलना एक ही जाति की दो वस्तुओं में हो तो वो Simile नहीं बल्कि Comparison होगा । 
If two objects are of same kinds then it will be Comparison, not Simile.
Example :
She is as beautiful as her sister. 
यहाँ पर she और her sister एक ही जाति के है इसलिए यह केवल तुलना है , न की उपमा अलंकार । 

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