Apostrophe (सम्बोधन)
इस अलंकार में मृत, अनुपस्थित या मानवीकरण किये हुए पदार्थ या विचार को सम्बोधित किया जाता है । 
An Apostrophe is a direct address to the dead, to the absent or to a personified object or idea.

सम्बोधन में किसी निर्जीव वस्तु को सजीव मानकर उसे सम्बोधित भी करते हैं तथा सम्बोधन का चिन्ह (!) भी लगाते हैं । कभी कभी किसी सम्बोधन Noun के बाद अल्प विराम (,) भी लगाते हैं । 

a) O Sweet Content ! Where is they mild abode ?
b) Roll on, thou deep and dark blue ocean roll !
c) O sweet companions, loved with love intense, For your sakes shall the tree be ever dear.
d) Oh ! What a noble mind is here overthrown.
e) O Liberty, liberty ! What crimes are, Committed in thy name.
f) O Death ! Come soon.
g) O Grave ! Where is thy victory ?
h) O Heavy Lightness ! Serious vanity.

Figures of speech (अलंकार)

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