Apostrophe (सम्बोधन)
इस अलंकार में मृत, अनुपस्थित या मानवीकरण किये हुए पदार्थ या विचार को सम्बोधित किया जाता है। 
In Apostrophe, a dead, absent or humanized substance or thought is addressed.



सम्बोधन में किसी निर्जीव वस्तु को सजीव मानकर उसे सम्बोधित भी करते हैं तथा सम्बोधन का चिन्ह (!) भी लगाते हैं । कभी कभी किसी सम्बोधन Noun के बाद अल्प विराम (,) भी लगाते हैं। 

Examples:
a) O Sweet Content! Where is thy mild abode?
b) Roll on, thou deep and dark blue ocean roll!
c) O sweet companions, loved with love intense, For your sakes shall the tree be ever dear.
d) Oh! What a noble mind is here overthrown.
e) O Liberty, liberty! What crimes are, Committed in thy name.
f) O Death! Come soon.
g) O Grave! Where is thy victory?
h) O Heavy Lightness! Serious vanity.


Figures of speech (अलंकार)

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