Definition - A Pronoun is the word used in the place of a noun.
परिभाषा - संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयुक्त होने वाले शब्दों को सर्वनाम कहते हैं।
Example -
Seema was absent because Seema was ill.
इस वाक्य को इस प्रकार भी कह सकते है :
Seema was absent because she was ill. यहाँ 'she' pronoun है जो की 'Seema' noun की जगह प्रयोग हुआ है।

There are mainly seven types of Pronoun:
सर्वनाम के मुख्यता सात प्रकार होते हैं :

1. Personal Pronoun (पुरुषवाचक सर्वनाम): ये तीन तरह के Persons के लिए आते हैं ।
(i) First Person (उत्तम पुरुष): The person who is speaking (बात करने वाला) 
Examples: Singular(I, me, my, mine, myself)
Plural(we, us, our, ours, ourselves)
(ii) Second Person (मध्यम पुरुष): The person spoken to (जिससे बात की जाय) 
Examples: Singular(you, your, yours, yourself)
Plural(you, your, yours, yourselves)
(iii) Third Person (अन्य पुरुष): The person or thing spoken of (जिसके बारे में बात की जाय) 
Examples: Singular(he, she, it, one, him, her, hers, herself, its, itself, one's, oneself)
Plural(they, them, their, theirs, themselves)

2. Relative Pronoun (सम्बन्धवाचक सर्वनाम): वे Pronouns जो दो वाक्यों को जोड़ते हैं तथा अपने से पहले प्रयोग हुए noun से सम्बन्ध प्रकट करते है । 
Examples: Who, which, what, that etc.
(a) I know the girl who came here.

3. Interrogative Pronoun (प्रश्नवाचक सर्वनाम): ये Pronouns प्रश्न (Question) पूछने का कार्य करते हैं । 
Examples: Who, whose, whom, which, what etc.
(a) Who is your father?
(b) What is your name?

4. Demonstrative Pronoun (निश्चयवाचक/संकेतवाचक  सर्वनाम): ये Pronouns किसी noun की तरफ़ संकेत करते हैं । 
Examples: This, that, these, those etc.
(a) This is my house.
(b) That is your shirt.

5. Reflexive Pronoun (निजवाचक सर्वनाम): ये Pronouns 'self'या 'selves' का प्रयोग करके बनाये जाते हैं तथा जहाँ किसी वाक्य का subject तथा object एक ही व्यक्ति हो वहाँ प्रयोग किये जाते हैं । 
Examples: I का  Myself, We का ourselves, You का yourself, He का himself, She का herself, It का itself, They का themselves
(a) The girl killed herself.
(b) I love myself.

6. Indefinite Pronoun (अनिश्चयवाचक सर्वनाम): वे Pronouns जो किसी अनिश्चित noun के लिए प्रयोग किये जाते हैं । 
Examples: Any, some, one, few, many, none etc.
(a) Some are born artists.
(b) One must love one's country.

7. Distributive Pronoun (वितरणवाचक सर्वनाम): वे Pronouns जो वाक्य में प्रयोग हुए व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं में से प्रत्येक का बोध कराते हैं। 
Examples: Each, either, neither etc.
(a) Each of the boys was hard-working.
(b) Either of the two trains goes to Chandigarh.

Recommended: Rules of Pronoun

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