It is used to express a continued or ongoing action in past, an ongoing action which occurred in past and completed at some point in past.

Affirmative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person/He,She,It) + was + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object (See Examples 1,5)

Rule 2:  Subject (Plural number/You,We,They) + were + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object (See Examples 2,3,4) 

1. I was reading my book.
2. They were playing football.
3. We were learning our lesson.
4. You were calling my servant.
5. She was singing a sweet song.

Negative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + was/were + not + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object

1. I was not going to London.
2. She was not playing with her doll.
3. The cow was not grazing grass.
4. They were not going to market.

Interrogative Sentences
Rule 1:  Was/Were + Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object 
(See Examples 1,2,4)

Rule 2: when/why/what/where + was/were + Subject + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object (See Example 6,7)

Rule 3: how much/how many/whose/which also used with their related nouns.(See Examples 5)

Rule 4:  If any interrogative word works like a subject then write it first then carry on with was/were + (1st form of verb + ing) (See Example 8)

Rule 5: Interrogative negative sentences are just like Interrogative affirmative sentences with only use of not after the subject.
Was/Were + subject + not + (1st form of verb + ing)
(See example 3,6)

Rule 6: Must put Question Mark (?) at the end of a sentence.

1. Were we going to the market?
2. Was John abusing his servant?
3. Were those boys not making a noise?
4. Was I not going with you?
5. How many boys were playing in the field?
6. Why was the farmer not ploughing his field?
7. What was he doing in the room?
8. Who was weeping in the class?

Recommended Worksheet: Past Continuous Tense worksheet

Tenses - English to English Translation
Simple Tense

 Continuous Tense

Perfect Tense

Tenses - Hindi to English Translation
Simple Tense

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