It is used to express a continued or ongoing action at present time. It expresses an action which is in progress at the time of speaking.



Affirmative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person/He,She,It) + is + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object (See Examples 1,3,4)

Rule 2:  Subject (Plural number/You,We,They) + are + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object (See Examples 2,5) 

Rule 3: I + am + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object (See Example 6)

Examples:
1. John is writing a letter.
2. The girls are going to school.
3. The carpenter is making a chair.
4. He is running in the field.
5. The boys are playing a football match.
6. I am singing a song.

Negative Sentences
Rule 1:  Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + is/are/am + not + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object

Examples:
1. I am not going to London.
2. She is not playing with her doll.
3. The cow is not grazing grass.
4. They are not going to market.

Interrogative Sentences
Rule 1:  Is/Are/Am + Subject (Single number/third person/Plural number) + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object 
(See Examples 1, 2)

Rule 2: when/why/what/where + is/are/am + Subject + (1st Form of Verb + ing) + Object (See Example 5)

Rule 3: how much/how many/whose/which also used with their related nouns.(See Examples 6,8,9)

Rule 4:  If any interrogative word works like a subject then write it first then carry on with is/are/am + (1st form of verb + ing) (See Example 10)

Rule 5: Interrogative negative sentences are just like Interrogative affirmative sentences with only use of not after subject.
Is/Are/Am + subject + not + (1st form of verb + ing)
(See example 3,4)


Rule 6: Must put Question Mark (?) in the end of sentence.


Examples:
1. Are the girls reading in the room?
2. Is the sun rising in the sky?
3. Am I not writing a letter?
4. Are you not going to school today?
5. Why are you going there?
6. Whose book is he reading now?
7. What are you doing in the room?
8. How many girls are taking part in the drama?
9. How much milk is the child drinking?
10. Who is beating your servant? 

Tenses - English to English Translation
Simple Tense

 Continuous Tense

Perfect Tense


Tenses - Hindi to English Translation
Simple Tense

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